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Year Book 

published by the 

SopKomore Class 

MicKi^an State Normal College 
Vol ume XVIII 

Editor Ellen E. Hopkins 

Business Manager Arthur E. Moore 




Campus; ^ctMtit^ 





It 10 tip memotie0 t|)at toe 
Hue. l^e Ht)e0 &e0t mu f)ap- 
pie0t toi)o 1)90 ti)e mo0t of 
goIDen memorie0 to enl)ancc 
tf)e raDiance of W 0unnp Dap0 
and to Iigftten ti)e cIouD0 
to|)en t|)e Dap0 are Dark. 3n 
all Ufe'0 Dap0 none are 00 
tjrigt)t a0 college Dap0. Co 
perpetuate tbt memorie0 of 
t|)e0e, tl)i0 uolume 10 pre- 
0enteD, anD, in tftat, it 0i)aII 
tatoe 0erueD it0 purpo0e. 

Clje (lBDitor0. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 

The Fool 

"But it isn't playing the game," he said, 

And he slammed his books away. 
"The Latin and Greek I've got in my head 

Will do for a duller day." 
"Rubbish," I cried, "The bugle's call 

Isn't for lads from school." 
D'ye think he'd listen ? Oh, not at all ; 

So I called him a fool, a fool. 


Now there's his dog by his empty bed, 

And the flute he used to play. 
And his favorite bat .... but Dick he's dead, 

Somewhere in France, they say : 
Dick with his rapture of song and sun, 

Dick of the yellow hair, 
Dickie whose life had just begun. 

Carrion-cold out there. 

Look at his prizes all in a row ; 

Surely a hint of fame. 
Now he's finished with, nothing to show. 

Doesn't it seem a shame? 
Look from the window ! All you see 

Was to be his one day ; 
Forest and furrow, lawn and lea. 

And he goes and chucks it away. 

Chucks it away to die in the dark ; 

Somebody saw him fall. 
Part of him mud, part of him blood, 

The rest of him not at all. 
And I'll bet he was never afraid. 

And he went as the best of 'em go, 
For his hand was clenched on his broken blade, 

And his face was turned to the foe. 

And I called him a fool — Oh, how blind was I, 

And the cup of my grief's abrim. 
Will glory and honor ever die 

So long as we've lads like him? 
So long as we've fond and fearless fools. 

Who, spurning fortune and fame. 
Turn out with the rallying cry of their schools 

Just bent on playing the game ? 

A fool ? Ah no ! He was more than wise ; 

His was the grander part. 
He died with the glory of faith in his eyes. 

And the glory of love in his heart. 
And though there's never a grave to tell. 

Nor a cross to mark his fall. 
Thank God ! we know he "batted well" 

In the last great game of all. 

Robert W. Servick. 


AdministraUon Building 


Pease Auditorium 


Normal Hall 


Science Hall 


Training School 




Starkweather Hall 


In Memoriam 

Professor Strongs thirty-year-long teaching in the Xormal 
College has been one of the finest contributions made by an 
educator in any American state. He did not have large classes. 
He led no fraternity. He was most retiring. The more heed- 
less students passed through their two years here with little con- 
sciousness of his presence. But those whose good fortune or 
whose keenness for good things led them to him were well re- 
warded. He was a good teacher, yet singularly greater than the 
knowledge of physics or astronomy that came of his teaching, 
was his influence. His knowledge was sound and up to date. 
He read constantly. But the play of his mind was so civiliz- 
ing, so humane, so cultured, so full of real humor and charm 
that no one could escape its influence for values above knowl- 

He was an old-fashioned scholar, a rare gentleman. 

Mark Jeffersox. 


State Board of Education 

Superintendent Fred A. Jeffers ....... President 

Superintendent A. N. Freeland , , . . , Vice-President 
Superintendent Frank Cody , . . . Member 

Superintendent Thomas E. Johnson ...... Secretary 

Superintendent Thomas E. Johnson, Superintendent of Public Instruction 


Dean of Women. 




Faculty of the Michigan State Normal College 

Charles McKenny, A.M., LL.D President 

Clemens P. Steimle, A.B Secretary-Registrar 

Bessie Leach Priddy, Ph.D Dean of Women 


Bert W. Peet, M.S. 
; Professor 
Byron S. Corbin, A.B. 
Assistant Professor 


Charles O. Hoyt, Ph.D. 

Samuel B. Laird, A.M. 

Nathan A. Harvey, Ph.D. 

Henry C. Lott, A.M., M.Pd. 

Horace Z. Wilbur, A.M. 

Associate Professor 
Charles M. Elliott, A.M. 

Associate Professor 


Florus a. Barbour, A.M. 

Abigail Pearce, A.M. 

Associate Professor 
Alma Blount, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor 
Estelle Downing, A.M. 

Associate Professor 
Harriet MacKenzie, A.M. 

Associate Professor 
Estabrook Rankin, A.M. 

Assistant Professor 


J. Stuart Lathers, A.M. 

Frederick B. McKay, A.M. 

Associate Professor 
Ida G. Hintz, A.B. 



Bertha Goodison, A.B. 

LiDA Clark, A.B. 

Associate Professor 
Lota H. Garner 

Elinor M. Strafer, B.S. 


Mark Jefferson, A.M. 

Ora B. Wilcox 


Carl E. Pray, A.M. 

Mary B. Putnam, Ph.M., M.Pd. 

Associate Professor 
Bertha G. Buell, A.M. 

Associate Professor 
Bessie Leach Priddy, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor 

Martha H. French, A.B. 

Charlotte L. King, B.Pd., B.S. 

Assistant Professor 
Inez Rutherford 

Louise Wilson 

Augusta A. Moulton 

Mary Faulkner 


Alice I. Boardman 

Assistant Professor 
Mary E. Hatton, B.S. 

Assistant Professor 
Jennie Bell Morrison 



Edith Adams, M.Pd. 

Marion Watson, B.S. 

Sara Lewis 


Benjamin L. D'Ooge, Ph.D. 

Orland O. Norris, A.B. 

Associate Professor 
Clara Janet Allison, A.B. 



Elmer A. Lyman, A.B., LL.D. 

Jane L. Matteson, A.M. 

Associate Professor 
Ada a. Norton, Ph.M. 

Assistant Professor 
Christabell H. Sawyer 


Richard Clyde Ford, Ph.D. 

Johanna Alpermann, A.M. 

Assistant Professor 
Ellen Dwyer, A.B. 


Frederick Alexander, A.B. 

Clyde E. Foster 

Assistant Professor 
Carl Lindegren 
Celia M. Blomgren 
Jesse Crandall 

Harold Reider 


William H. Sherzer, Ph.D. 

Jessie Phelps, M.S. 

Associate Professor 
Mary A. Goddard 

Associate Professor 
Bertram G. Smith, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor 
J. Milton Hover, B.S. 

Associate Professor 

George W. Collins 

Wilbur P. Bowen, M.S. 

Fannie Cheever Burton, M.Pd. 

Associate Professor 
Irene Clar , B.Pd. 

Chloe Todd, B.Pd. 

Elton Rynearson 

Anna M. Wolfe 


Frederick R. Gorton, Ph.D. 

Grover C. Ba er 



DiMON H. Roberts, A.M. 

Frederick M. Greenstheet, A.B. 

Principal High School 
Vinora Beal, A.m. 

Instructor in High School 
Joy M. Osborne 

Instructor in High School 
Margaret E. Wise, M.Ph. 

First Grade 
Adella R. Jac son, M.Pd. 

Second Grade 
Elizabeth C. McCrickett 

Third Grade 
C. Gertrude Phelps, B.S. 

Fourth Grade 
Ella M. Wilson, A.B. 

Fifth Grade 
Mabel Wombaugh, A.B. 

Sixth Grade 
Anna W. Field, A.M. 

Seventh Grade 
Susan W. Stinson, B.S. 

Eighth Grade 
Mary McDermott, A.M. 

Open Air Room 


I. Eleanor Meston, B.S. 

First Grade 
Lucia M. Densmore 

Second Grade 
Florence McLouth, B.S. 

Third Grade 
Florence Kelly, A.M. 

Fourth Grade 

Genevieve M. Walton, A.M. 

Head Librarian 
Elsie V. Andrews, A.h 
Reference and Training School Department 
Elizabeth F. Simpson 

Chief Cataloger 
WiNNiFRED Davis 

In charge of Circulation Department 
Grace E. Haughton, A.B. 

Assistant in Order Department 
Ethel McCrickett, A.B. 

Assistant in Periodical Department 
Sarah Putnam, A.B. 

Assistant in Reference Department 
Mary Moffat 

Assistant in Bindery Department 

Glenadine C. Snow. B.S. 

Medical Examiner 
Mathilda W. Robinson 

Visiting Nurse 


Charles O. Hoyt, Ph.D. 

Professor of Philosophy- and Education. 
Head of Department of Philosoph\- and 

A.B., Albion College ; Ph.D.. Jena. 

Nathan A. Harvey, Ph.D. 
Professor of Pedagogy; Head of Depart- 
ment of Pedagogy. 
Graduate, Illinois Normal University; 
student. University of Illinois ; A.M. 
and Ph.D.. Illinois W'esleyan University. 

Samuel B. Laird. A.AI. 
Professor of Advanced Psychology- ; Head 

of Department of Psy-chology. 
B.Pd.. Alichigan State Normal College; 
A.B. and A.M., University of ^Michigan. 

Henry C. Lott, A.M., M.Pd. 

Profes,sor of Psychology. 

M.Pd., Michigan State Normal College; 
A.M., Columbia University; graduate 
student. University of Michigan and 
Columbia University. 

Charles M. Elliott, A.M. 
Associate Professor of Psychology. 
B.Pd. and A.B., Michigan State Normal 
College ; graduate, Ferris Institute ; 
A.M., Teachers' College, Columbia 

Blanche Towne, A.B. 

Critic Teacher, Special Room. 


Bert W. Peet, M.S. 

Professor of Chemistry; Head of De- 
partment of Chemistry. 
B.S., Michigan Agricultural College ; 
M.S., University of Michigan ; graduate 
student, University of Michigan and 
Columbia University. 

Frederick R. Gorton, Ph.D. 

Professor of Physics ; Head of Depart- 
ment of Physics. 
B.Pd., Michigan State Normal College; 
B.S. and A.M., Universitv of Michigan ; 
Ph.D., Berlin. 

Byron S. Corbin, A.B. 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 
A.B., Michigan State Normal College 
student, Michigan Agricultural College 
and University of Michigan. 


Florus a. Barbour, A.B., A.M. 

Professor of English ; Head of Depart- 
ment of English. 

A.B. and A.M. (Hon.), University of 

Abigail Pearce, A.M. 

Associate Professor of English. 
B.Pd., Michigan State Normal College ; 
Ph.B. and A.M., University of Michigan. 

Alma Blount, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of English. 
B.S. and A.B., Wheaton College; Ph.D., 
Cornell University ; graduate student, 
Cornell, Radcliflfe, London and Paris. 

EsTELLE Downing, A.M. 

Associate Professor of English. 
Graduate, Michigan State Xormal Col- 
lege; A.B., University of Michigan; 
A.M., University of Cahfornia. 

Harriet MacKenzie, A.M. 

Associate Professor of English. 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; A.B. and A.M., University of 
Michigan ; graduate student. University 
of Chicago ; graduate student, Univer- 
sity of Michigan. 

EsTABROOK Rankin, A.M. 
Assistant Professor of English. 
Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; A.B., University of California ; 
A.M., Columbia University. 


J. Stuart Lathers, A.M. 

Professor of Expression; Head of De- 
partment of Expression. 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege; B.L. and A.M., University of 

Frederick B. McKay, A.M. 

Associate Professor of Expression. 

Graduate. Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege; A.B. and A.M., University of 

Ida G. Hintz, A.B. 
Instructor in Reading. 
B.Pd., Michigan State Normal College ; 
A.B., University of Chicago. 

Martha French, A.B. 

Professor of Household Arts; Head of 
Department of Household Arts. 

Graduate, Kraus Kindergarten Seminary, 
New York City, and Oread Institute of 
Domestic Science and Art ; student, 
Teachers' College, Columbia University; 
A.B., Michigan State Normal College. 

Bertha Goodison, A.B. 

Professor of Art; Head of Department 
of Fine Arts. 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; stuuent, Detroit Art School, Har- 
vard University, Teachers' College, 
Columbia University, Paris, and Flor- 

LiDA Clark, A.B. 

Associate Professor of Art. 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; graduate, Chicago Art Institute ; 
student. Art Academy, Paris. 

Richard Clyde Ford, Ph.D. 

Professor of Modern Languages ; Head 
of Department of Modern Languages. 

Ph.B. and Ph.M., Albion College ; Ph.D., 
University of Munich; Graduate stu- 
dent, Albion College, Universities of 
Freiburg and Munich; research student 
in Geneva, Paris, London. 

Ellen Dwyer, A.B. 
Instructor in Modern Languages. 
Graduate, Eastern Illinois State Normal 

College ; A.B., University of Illinois ; 

student, University of Wisconsin. 

Johanna Alpermann, A.M. 

Associate Professor in Modern Languages 
B.Pd. and A.B., Michigan State Normal 
College ; A.M., Columbia University. 

Carl E. Pray, A.M. 

Professor of History; Head of Depart- 
ment of History. 

B.L., Olivet College : A.M.. University of 
Wisconsin; graduate student, Harvard 
and University of Wisconsin. 

Mary B. Putnam, Ph.M., M.Pd. 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
and Economics. 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; Ph.B., University of Alichigan ; 
Ph.M., University of Chicago; ^M.Pd.-, 
Michigan State Normal College ; grad- 
uate student. Universities of Chicago 
and Michigan, and Harvard Universitj'. 

Bessie Leach Priddy, Ph D. 
Dean of Women ; Associate Professor of 


Alice I. Boardman 

Assistant Professor of Industrial Arts. 
Graduate, Mount Holyoke College and 
Sloyd Training School, Boston. 

Mary E. Hatton, B.S. 

Instructor in Industrial Arts. 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; B.S., Teachers' College, Columbia 

Jennie Bell Morrison 

Instructor in Industrial Arts. 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; student, Teachers' College, Co- 
lumbia University and Academy of Fine 
Arts, Chicago, 111. 

Benjamin L. D'Ooge, Ph.D. 

Professor of Ancient Languages ; Head 
of Department of Ancient Languages. 

A.B., University of Michigan ; Ph.D.. 
University of Bonn; American School 
of Archaeology at Rome and Athens. 

Orl.\nd 0. NoRRis, A.B. 
Associate Professor of Latin. 
B.Pd. and A.B., Michigan State Normal 
College ; graduate student, Universities 
of Michigan and Chicago. 

Clara Janet Allison, A.B. 
Instructor in Latin. 

B.Pd., Alichigan State Normal College ; 
A.B., Lhiiversity of ^Michigan ; graduate 
student. University of California, Co- 
lumbia LTniversity. 

Elmer A. Lyman, A.B., LL.D. 

Professor of Mathematics ; Head of De- 
partment of Mathematics. 

A.B., University of Michigan ; two years 
graduate study, University of Michigan ; 
LL.D., Berea College, Berea, Kentucky. 

Ada a. Norton, Ph.M. 
Assistant Professor of Mathematics. 
Ph.B. and Ph.M., Albion College. 

Jane L. Matteson, A.M. 

Associate Professor of Mathematics. 

A.B., Michigan State Normal College ; 
graduate student. University of Mich- 
igan; A.M., Cornell University. 


Mark Jefferson, A.M. 

Professor of Geography; Head of Geog- 
raphy Department. 
A.B., Boston University ; A.B. and A.M., 
Harvard University; graduate student, 

Ora B. Wilcox 

Instructor in Geographj'. 
Graduate, Michigan State Xormal 

Christabell H. Sawyer, Ph.D. 

Instructor in Mathematics. 

Ph.B., University of Michigan ; graduate 
student, Columbia University and Uni- 
versity of Michigan. 


Frederick Alexander, A.B. 
Director of Conservatory of Music. 
A.B., University of Michigan. 

Clyde E. Foster 

Assistant Professor of Music and Director 

of Public School Music. 
Graduate, Holt School of Music and 
American Institute of Normal Meth- 
ods, Boston, Mass. ; student with Marie 
Hofer, Chicago, and Nelson Burritt, 
New York. 


Assistant Professor of Music. 
Pupil of Herbert Witherspoon, New 

Neva Green 

Instructor in Music. 
Graduate, Michigan State Normal 

Jessie Phelps, M.S. 

Associate Professor of Physiology. 

B.S. and M.S., University of Michigan; 
graduate student, University of Mich- 
igan, Chicago, and Marburg. 

Jesse Crandall 

Graduate, Western State Normal 
lege, Kalamazoo ; studied violin 
Sevcik at Prague and Vienna. 


Bertram G. Smith, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of Zoologj'. 
Graduate, Pennsylvania State Normal 
School, Edinboro ; A.B., University of 
Michigan ; Ph.D.. Columbia University. 


William H. Sherzer, Ph.D. 

Professor of Natural Science; Head of 

Department of Natural Science. 
B.S., M.S. and Ph.D., University of Mich- 
igan ; graduate student, Universities of 
Alichigan and Berlin. 

Mary A. Goddard, B.S. 

Associate Professor of Botany. 

B.S., University of Michigan ; graduate 
student, Cold Spring Harbor Biological 
School, University of Wisconsin and 
University of Michigan. 

J. Wilton Hover. B.S. 

A. B., Michigan State Normal College. 

B. S., University of Chicago; student at 
Cornell University. 


Wilbur P. Bowen, M.S. 

Professor of Physical Education ; Head 
of Department of Physical Education. 

B.Pd., Michigan State Normal College; 
B.S. and M.S., University of Michi- 
gan ; graduate student, University of 

Fannie Cheever Burton, M.Pd. 

Associate Professor of Physical Educa- 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege; M.Pd. (Hon.), Michigan State 
Normal College ; student, Chatauqua, 
Harvard, Columbia, School of of Ora- 
tory, University of Utah and Calif. 
School of Aesthetic Dancing. 

Elton Ryxe-arson 

Assistant in Physical Education. 
Graduate, Michigan State Normal 

Chloe Todd, B.Pd. 
Instructor in Physical Education. 
B.Pd., Michigan State Normal College. 

Lera Curtis 

Instructor in Physical Education. 
Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; student, Sargent Normal School 
of Physical Education. 

Anna Wolfe, B.S. 

Assistant Professor Physical Education. 
Graduate, Chicago Normal College. 

Irene Clark, B.Pd. 
Instructor in Physical Education. 
B.Pd., Michigan State Normal College. 


DiMON H. Roberts, A.M. 

Superintendent of Training School. 
A.B. and A.M., Amherst College; grad- 
uate student, Clark University. 

Susan W. Stinson, B.S. 
Training Teacher, Eighth Grade. 
Graduate, State Normal School, Castine, 
Maine ; B.S., Columbia University. 

Adella Jackson, M.Pd. 

Training Teacher, Second Grade. 

Student, Chicago University; student. 
Clark University; Emerson School of 
Philosophy, Boston; M.Pd. (Hon.), 
Michigan State Normal College. 


Frederick M. Greenstreet, A.B. 
Principal of High School. 
A.B., DePauw University. 

ViNORA Beal, A.m. 
Training Teacher of English in High 
School and Assistant Principal of High 

B.Pd., Michigan State Normal College ; 
B.S., Columbia University ; A.M., Co- 
lumbia University. 

Sara Lewis 

of Kindergarten, Prospect 
School, and Instructor in Kindergarten 

Graduate, Michigan State Normal Col- 
lege ; student, Columbia Universitv. 

Louise Welden, B.Pd. 

Michigan State Normal College. 
Critic Teacher Rural Education. 

George W. Collins 
Listructor in Penmanship. 


Genevieve M. Walton, A.M. 
Head Librarian. 
A.M., St. Mary's College. 

Elsie V. Andrews, A.B. 

Reference Librarian and in charge of 

Training School Librar}-. 
A.B., Michigan State Normal College; 

student. Library School. University of 


"There's all licaven and earth in a real 

— Christopher Morley. 



Degree Class Officers 

Ralph Carpenter . . . . , . . , . . President 

Inez Selesky Vice-President 

Beatrice Carr Secretary 

Asa Wood (Fall and Winter terms) 


Warren Webb (Spring term) 


J. Burns Fuller Fentou 

Alpha Tail Delta. 

Mary Annette Mott Adrian 

Mu Delta; Camp Fire; Y. W. C. A.; Physi- 
cal Education Club. 

Alice Roscoe Nashville 

Camp Fire; Sodalitas Latina ; Le Cercle 
Francais ; O. E. S. Ba-Ea-Ka. 

Frances Shanks Detroit 

Chemistry Club ; Natural Science Club ; 
Secretary Student Council; President Home 
Economics Club ; V. W. C. A. 

Paul V. Sangren Ravenna 

Alpha Tau Delta ; S. C. A. Board ; Secretary 
Y. M. C. A. Normal Choir; Vice-President 
Oratorical Board; Ferris Institute Club; 
Treasurer Student Council. 

Asa Wood Blanchard 

Ferris Institute Club; Student Council; 
Normal Choir; Chemistry Club. 

IscA McClaughry Ypsilanti 

Delta Phi; Cercle Francais; History Club. 

Grace Simmons North Branch 

Theta Lambda Sigma ; Wodeso ; Sorority 
Coimcil ; Chemistry Clul) ; Lapeer Co. Club ; 
Student Council ; Cercle Francais ; Y. W. 
C. A. ; General Manager Kollege Komedy. 


Grover C. Baker Ypsilanti 

Alpha Tau Delta; President Y. M. C. A.; 
Kollege Komedy Business Manager; Presi- 
dent Oratorical Board; Ferris Institute Club; 
Student Council; Assistant in Physics De- 

Harold C. Laing Detroit 

Chi Delta ; Chemistry Club ; Normal Choir ; 
College Orchestra and Trio ; Exchange 
Editor Normal News ; Men's Union ; Lin- 
coln Club; Y. M. C. A. 

Inez E. Selesky Ypsilanti 

Zeta Tau Alpha ; Student Council ; Stoic ; 
Euclidean ; Cercle Francais ; Assistant in 

Mrs. Mae McClaren Rose City 

Special Education. 

Allen Elmer Morris Saline 

Men's Union; Y. M. C. A.; Physical Ed. 
Club; Basketball 1919; Baseball 1919; Foot- 
ball 1919; Basketball 1920; Baseball 1920. 


Eaton O. Bemis Temperance 

Phi Delta Pi; Y. M. C. A. Treasurer; Men's 
Union; Monroe County Club; S. C. A. 

Merland a. Kopka Ypsilanti 

Phi Delta Pi ; Webster Club ; Oratorical 
Board ; Secretary Michigan Oratorical 
League ; Hillsdale Debate ; Fraternity Coun- 
cil ; Men's Union ; Y. M. C. A. 

Helen Farley Yale 

Zeta Tau Alpha ; Laonian Society ; Euclidean ; 
Chemistry Club ; Normal News Staff ; St. 
Clair Co. Club. 

Marguerite Carpenter Onaway 

Kappa Psi ; Kindergarten Club. 

Raye R. Platt Marine Cit.v 

Literary Editor Aurora ; Literary Editor 
Normal News ; Webster Club ; Cercle Fran- 
cais ; St. Clair Co. Club. 

Leo E. DuVall McBain 

Kappa Phi Alpha ; Webster Club. 

Elizabeth R. Merrell Greene 

Y. W. C. A. ; Portia ; S. C. A Board ; Ora- 
torical Board. 

M. Bella Richmond Detroit 


Arold W. Brown Ypsilanti 

Alpha Tau Delta ; Editor Normal News ; 
Lincoln Deliating; Student Council; Stoic; 
Y. M. C. A. 

Ralph Carpenter Howard City 

Kappa Phi Alpha ; President Degree Class ; 
Student Council ; Euclidean Society ; Chem- 
istry Club; Men's Union; Track '16, '17, '20; 
Soph. Manager '17. 

LuciLE LovF. Ypsilanti 

Harmonious Mystic; Household Arts Club. 

Eunice Xiblick Jackson 

Zeta Tau Alpha ; Natural Science Club ; 
Assistant in Botany Laboratory ; Assistant in 
Natural Science Dept., High School. 

Beairice Carr Ypsilanti 

Eastern Star Club ; Y. W. C. A. ; Stoic. 

Margaret Soule Wyckoff Ypsilanti 

Delta Phi ; Stoic ; Le Cercle Francais, Sec- 
Treas. ; Sodalitas Latina. 



Sophomore Class Officers 

Floyd L. Smith President 

Kathleen M. Parr Vice-President 

Esther E. MacFarlane Secretary 

John T. Reynolds Treasurer 


Eleanor J. Acheson Clio 

Genesee County Club ; Normal Choir. 

Myrna Adams Lansing 

Ingham County Club. 

Luetta M. Aldrich Caro 

Y. W. C. A. ; Normal Choir. 

RoxiE Alexander Sisterville, W. Va. 

Treble Clef : Kindergarten Club. 

Viola Allan Laurium 

Upper Peninsula Club. 

Florence M. Allen Traverse City 

Y. W. C. A. 

Mrs. Myrtle G. Amrin Lansing 

Ingham County Club ; Normal Choir ; 

Y. _W. C. A. 
Special Education. 

Edna Anderson Armada 

Camp Fire Girls; Upper Peninsular Club. 

Florence Anderson Armada 

College Eastern Star ; Y. W. C. A. ; Wodeso. 

Gladys M. Arnold Lansing 

President Commercial Teachers' Club ; Col- 
lege Eastern Star Club: Girls' Friendly 


Beatrice Ashley Lyons 

Alinerva Literary Society; Normal Choir. 

Mildred Ashley Lyons 

Normal Choir. 

Florence Atchison Fremont 

Eastern Star Club. 
Fine Arts. 

Carolyn Bacon Mauricetown 

Zeta Tau Alpha ; N. J. Kindergarten Club. 

Louis Bacon St. Louis 

Catholic Club ; Physical Education Club. 
Physical Education. 

Irene H. Baker Clayton 


Frances B.\rnum Toledo, O. 

Delta Sigma Epsilon ; Vice-Pres. Physical 

Education Club ; Indoor Meet Manager. 
Physical Education. 

Marion Bartley Ahna 

Normal Choir. 

Clara Bauer Wyandotte 

Sigma Nu Phi ; Physical Education Club. 
Physical Education. 

Edna Be.^chum Shelby 

Euclidean Society. 


Isabel Beaton Detroit 

Kindergarten Club. 

Bessie Beaubier Ypsilanti 

Theta Lambda Sigma ; Normal Choir ; 

Y. W. C. A. Cabinet ; Normal News Staff ; 

Art Club. 
Music and Drawing. 

Marguerite A. Bill Traverse City 

Y. W. C. A. ; Normal Qioir. 

Kathryn Benson Waterloo, Ind. 

Camp Fire Girls. 

Harriet Bernard Richmond 

Y. W. C. A.; Kindergarten Club; Macomb 

County Club. 

Martha Best Imlay City 

Stoic ; Assistant Natural Science Depart- 
ment ; Y. W. C. A. ; Natural Science Club ; 
Lapeer County Club. 
Natural Science and Mathematics. 

Pearl C. Bigge Copemish 


Ray W. Binns Holloway 

Chi Delta; Lenawee County Club; History 

History and English. 

Audrey Bird Holly 

Sodalitas Latina. 
Latin and French. 

Hazel O. Black Caro 


I.AURETTA Blacknf.y Calumet 

Y. W. C. A. ; Upper Peninsula Club. 

Helen Bliss Milan 

Kappa Psi; Kindergarten Club; Laonian 


Effie H. Bode Fremont 

Y. W. C. A. ; Newaygo & Oceana Club. 

LoRA BoGART Ann Arbor 

Delta Phi ; Kindergarten Club. 

Rose M. Boone Zeeland 

Normal Choir; Y. W. C. A. 

Thelma Boughton Flint 

Euclidean ; Genesse Co. Club ; Y. W. C. A. 
Math, and Natural Science. 

Esther Bradshaw Royal Oak 

Kindergarten Club ; Oakland County Club ; 

Y. W. C. A. ; Stoic. 

Edna M. Brandt Zeeland 

Harmonious Mystics ; Y. \V. C. A. ; Normal 

Music and Art. 

Genevieve Breining Ypsilanti 

Harmonious Mystic ; Public School Music 

Clulj ; Normal Art Club ; Normal Choir. 
Alusic and Art. 

Ada E. Brines Detroit 

Mu Delta; Y. \\\ C. A.; Kindergarten Club; 

Normal Club. 

Esther B. Brooks Perrysburg, O. 


Florence M. Brooks Brown City 

Oratorical Board ; Wodeso ; Natural Science 

Club ; Stoic. 
Natural Science and Mathematics. 

Wynnetto Brotherton Mason 

Mu Delta ; Commercial Teachers' Club ; 

Ingham Club. 
Commercial Teacher. 

F. Augusta Brown Stockbridge 

Zeta Tau Alpha ; Ingham County Club. 

Florence A. Brown Hubbell 

Catholic Students' Club ; Northern Peninsula 


Zadia E. Brown Eagle 

Y. W. C. A. 

E. P. Buchanan Sault Ste. Marie 

Phi Delta Pi; Normal Choir; Track; Yell 

Master ; Geography Department. 
Expression and Special Education. 
Manager of Track Team. 

Marion J. Buckrell Stanton 

History Club ; Normal Choir. 
History and English. 

Mildred Bull Sisterville, W. Va. 

Treble Clef; Laonian Dramatic Society; 

History Club. 
History and English. 

Dorothy Alice Burnett Otsego 

Kindergarten Club ; Y. W. C. A. 


Georgia Burwell Lansing 

Ingham County Club. 

Doris Butler , Milbrook 

Sigma Nu Phi; Euclidean; Y. W. C. A.; 
Freshman Basket-ball Manager ; Wodeso ; 
Student Council 1919-1920. 

Dorothea J. Buttolph Ionia 

Physical Education. 

Gladys Cairns Ypsilanti 

Harmonious Mystic ; President Stoic ; Sec- 
retary Portia Literary Society ; History 
Club ; Aurora Board ; News Staff ; Secre- 
tary Freshman Class. 
History and English. 

Francis Caldwell Constantino 

Delta Phi; Laonian Dramatic Society; 

Y. W. C. A. 
English and French. 

Catherine Cameron Wyandotte 

Sigma Nu Phi; Physical Education Club. 
Physical Education. 

Mabel Campbell Gaylord 

Y. W. C. A. 

Pheme Campbell Gaylord 

Y. W. C. A. ; F. I. Club. 

Ethel Carnahan Adrian 

Frances E. Willard Debating Club; Natural 

Science Club ; F. I. Club ; Lenawee County 


Allen B. Carr Ypsilanti 

Alpha Tau Delta. 
Science and Mathematics. 



Hilda Carrol Grand Ledge 

Ba-Ea-Ke Club ; Y. W. C. A. ; Camp Fire. 
English and History. 

Adeline Chipman Gregory 


Robert S. Christenson Weston 

Alpha Tau Delta; F. I. Club; Y. M. C. A. 
Cabinet; Lenawee County Club; Aurora 
Board 1920. 

Edwin L. Clark Adrian 

Chi Delta ; Oratorical Board ; Webster Club ; 

Lenawee County Club ; Euclidean Society ; 
Men's Union. i 

Ruth Comins Free Soil 


Flora Louise Clute Marshall 

Zeta Tau Alpha ; Laonian Dramatic Society ; 

French Club. 
English and French. 

Laura Cobb Pontiac 


Florence Cole Charlotte 

Pi Kappa Sigma ; Kindergarten Club ; Nor- 
mal Choir ; Ba-Ea-Ke Club. 

Leona Colegrove Morenci 

Y. W. C. A. Cabinet ; Lenawee Club. 

Edith Collister Perry 

Kappa Gamma Phi; Normal Choir; Eastern 
. Star ; Public School Music Club. 
Public School Music and Art. 

Cleo Comins Free Soil 


Winifred Concdon Allegan 

Pi Kappa Sigma ; Y. W. C. A. 

Alice C. Consoer Three Oaks 

Zeta Tau Alpha ; Chemistry Club. 
Science and Mathematics. 

Hazel Coover Harbor Springs 

Commercial Teachers' Club. 

Ruth E. Corey South Haven 

Manager Girls' Indoor Meet ; Normal Choir. 
Physical Education. 

Wanda Crawford Sunfield 

Minerva Literary Society; Frances E. W'il- 
lard Debating Club; Ba-Ea-Ke Club; Y. 
\\[. C. A. 

Rhod.\ Croninger Grand Rapids 

Sigma Sigma Sigma ; Y. W. C. A. ; Ba-Ea- 

Ka Club ; Natural Science Club. 
Natural Science. 

Helen E. Cudney Owosso 

Harmonious Mystics ; Y. W. C. A. 

Doris Culkins Albion 

Delta Phi ; Catholic Club ; Vice President 

Commercial Teachers' Club. 

Antonia Hernandez Curbelo 

Camuy, Porto Rico 

Art Club. 

Fine Arts and French. 


Ella Mae Dacey Sault Ste. Marie 

Treble Clef ; Laonian Dramatic Society ; 

Catholic Club. 

HuLDA Daeubler Monroe 

Monroe County Club ; Commercial Teacliers' 


Anita Daeubler Monroe 

Monroe County Club. 

Beatrice Davis Big Rapids 

Sigma Nu Phi ; Eastern Star Club. 

Ruth Davis Ypsilanti 


Erral Marjorie Dean Freesoil 

Y. W. C. A.; Chemistry Club; Natural 

Science Club; Normal Choir. 
Physical and Natural Science. 

Edna E. Delaforce Ypsilanti 

Y. W. C. A. ; Normal Choir ; Commercial 

Teachers' Club. 

Mamie Denison Highland Park 

Frances E. Willard ; Wayne County Club ; 

Camp Fire ; History Club. 

MoNA Bell De Vinny Linden 

Genessee County Club. 

Mildred Dietz Caro 

Normal Choir. 

Myrtlk M. Dill Traverse City 

Sigma Sigma Sigma; Sodalitas Latina ; 

History Club. 
History and Latin. 

Cynthia Dodge Lansing 

Alpha Sigma Tau; President; Stoic; Public 
School Music Club ; Art Club ; Art Editor 
Aurora ; Normal Choir. 
Music and Art. 

Orpha M. Dolph Ypsilanti 

Fine Arts Club; Y. W. C. A.; Normal Choir. 
Fine Arts. 

Gkrtrude Dooling Niles 

Catholic Club. 
Limited Course. 

Cecil B. Downey Laurium 

Upper Peninsular Club ; Catholic Club. 

Dorothy Drouyor Yale 

Kappa Gamma Phi ; Laonian Club ; Eucli- 
dean ; St. Clair County Club ; Y. W. C. A. 
English and Mathematics. 

Margaret Joyce Durfee Dexter 

Kappa Gamma Phi; Portia ; Circle Frangais ; 

Y. W. C. A. 
Student Council 'l9-'20. 
Modern Languages. 

Ella J. Dursema Fremont 

Y. W. C. A. ; Newaygo and Oceana County 


M.xRGARET Eckert Detroit 

Kappa Psi ; Kindergarten Club. 

Vera Ecker Hudson 

Kindergarten Club ; Normal Choir ; Y. \V. 

C. A. ; Lenawee County Club. 

Margaret Ellis Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Physical Education Club ; Ohio Club. 
Physical Education. 

John R. Emens Prattville 

Phi Delta Pi; Stoic; Webster Debating 
Club ; Euclidean ; French Club ; Student 
Council ; Men's Union ; Cabinet Y. M. C. 
A. '19; Track '19. 
Mathematics and French. 

RowENA Enders Fenton 

Genesee County Club. 

Hazel F. Eppens Ypsilanti 

Minerva Literary Society ; Wodeso ; Natural 

Science Club; Y. W. C. A. 
Natural Science and English. 

Gladys Erickson Ludington 

Kappa Gamma Phi ; Kindergarten Club. 

Esther Feeley Linden 

Genesee County Club. 

Helen V. Ferrick Clinton 

Theta Lambda Sigma. 

Ann Finan Detroit 

Kindergarten Club; Y. W. C. A. 

Eleanor Lee Fish Algonac 

St. Clair County Club ; Frances E. Willard 


Lucy M. Foley Emmett 

Catholic Students' Club; St. Clair County 

Club ; Natural Science Club. 



Charles E. Forsythi; Milan 

Phi Delta Pi; Aurora Board '20; Chemistry 
Clul) ; Oratorical Board '20; Men's Union; 
Webster Club ; State Oratorical Contest 
'20; Basket Ball '19, '20; Base Ball '19, '20. 
Science and History. 

Jake Foster Hildreth Pigeon 

Commercial Teachers' Club; Minerva Liter- 
ary Society. 

Elizabeth Frazer Big Rapids 

F. I. Club ; Camp Fire Girls. 

Mae Fredenbi'rg Pompeii 

Laonian Dramatic Society; Wodeso ; 

Euclidean Society. 
English and Mathematics. 

Hazel Maria French Jackson 

Ingham County Club ; Natural Science Clul). 

Miriam Fritz Cass City 

Treble Clef; Commercial Teachers' Club; 

Normal Choir. 
Commercial Teacher. 

Charlotte Fry Dimondale 

Ba-Ea-Ke County Club. 

Myrtle Ganssley Lennon 

Sodalitas Latina. 

Martha E Garbe Traverse City 

Crafts Club; Y. W. C. A. 
Industrial Art-"-. 

LuciLE Garber Essexville 

S. C. A. Board; Euclidean; Art Club; Stu- 
dent Council ; Y. W. C. A. ; Girls" Friendly 
I\[athematics and Drawing. 


La Vange M. Gary Cement City 

Lenawee County Club. 

Mary Elizabeth Getchell Mt. Pleasant 

Fine Arts. 

Bernice Gilbert Algonac 

Kappa Gamma Phi; Y. W. C. A. 

Marion L. Goodall McGregor 

Y. W. C. A. 

Anna H. Grandjean Reese 


Dorothy Grant Traverse City 

Y. W. C. A. ; Campfire ; Physical Education 

Physical Education. 

Helene L. Graves Marine City 

Zeta Tau Alpha. 

Edith K. Hackman Kingsley 

Le Cercle Frangais ; Normal Choir. 

T. Glenadine Hall Stockbridge 

Kappa Gamma Phi ; Campfire ; Eastern Star 
Club ; Physical Education Club ; Manager 

Physical Education. 

Esther Harsch Traverse City 

Crafts Club ; Y. W. C. A. ; Stoic. 

Mildred M. Hart Clarkville 


LoRAiNE Heath New Baltimore 

Kappa Psi ; Normal Choir ; Physical Educa- 
tion Club. 
Physical Education. 

Ethel Hedrick Nashville 

Stoic ; Minerva Literary Society ; Ba-Ea-Ka 

Club; Y. W. C. A. 

Irma Hiar Levering 

Y. W. C. A. ; Normal Choir ; F. L Club. 

Marguerite Hill New Baltimore 

Y. W. C. A.; Camp Fire; History Club. 

Opal G. Hillier Flint 

Treble Clef ; Catholic Club. 
Fine Arts. 

Doris M. Hilton Fremont 

Theta Lambda Sigma ; Eastern Star Club ; 

Laonian Dramatic Society. 

Helen Hitchcock Lansing 

Fine Arts Club. 
Fine Arts. 

Nancy Evelyn Hoch Sisterville, \V. Va. 

Treble Clef; Normal News Staff; Normal 
Choir ; Physical Education Club ; Com- 
mercial Teachers' Club. 
Physical Education. 

Irene Hocking Calumet 

Kappa Psi ; Le Cercle Frangais ; L^pper Pen- 
insula Club. 
French and Historv. 


Cornelia Hoffman Detroit 

Harmonious Mystics ; 
Fine Arts. 

Catherine Hogan Bay City 

Wodeso 1918; Y. W. C. A.; Vice-President 

Girls' Friendly Society. 

Nellie L. Holbrook St. Johns 

F. I. Club. 

A. Dorothy Holden Trenton 

Girls' Friendly Society; Y. W. C. A. 

Alein L. Holmquist Jennings 

College Eastern Star ; Crafts Club ; Fine 

Arts Club ; Camp Fire. 
Industrial and Fine Arts. 

Alta M. Horton Marine City 

Eastern Star ; St. Clair County Club ; Camp 

Fire; Women's League; Y. W. C. A. 

Marion Hosner Romeo 


Ula May Hudson Webberville 

Euclidean Club ; Natural Science Club ; 

Y. W. C. A. 
Natural Science and Mathematics. 

Ina E. Huffman Ubly 

Y. W. C. A. 

Louise Hunter "Vermontville 

Sigma Sigma Sigma ; Euclidean Club ; Le 
Cercle Frangais ; Stoic Society ; Ba-Ea-Ke 

Mathematics and French. 


EsTELLE Jacobson Grand Rapids 

Mu Delta Sorority; Ba-Ea-Ke Club; 

Y. W. C. A. 

Sophia Jacobson Frankfort 

Physical Education. 

Hattie E. James Laurium 

Sigma Sigma Sigma ; U. P. Club. 

Carrie Geneva Johnson Standish 

F. I. Club; Francis E. Willard Debating 


Martha J. Johnson Ypsilanti 

Theta Lambda Sigma; Normal Choir '19-20; 
Secretary Kindergarten Club; Treasurer 
Kindergarten Club '20 ; Alanager Ropes '19. 

JosiNA Jones Harbor Sprmgs 

Y. W. C. A. ; Chemistry Club. 

Violet Jones Detour 

Sodalitas Latina ; Le Cercle Frangais. 

Edith Joeae Ovid 

Clinton and Gratiot Co. Club ; Y. W. C. A. 

Dorothy Kalmbach South Lyons 

Art ; Theta Lambda Sigma ; Xormal Art 
Club ; Public School Music Club ; Oakland 
County Club ; Normal Choir. 
Public School Music and Art. 

Zelma L. Jones Waldron 

Y. W. C. A. ; Camp Fire. 

Anna Kantz 

Reed City 

Alice D. King 


Portia Literary Society ; History Club ; 

Lenawee County Club. 
History and English. 

Arm of Honor; Football 1918; Soccer 1919; 
President Men's Union ; President Physi- 
cal Education Club ; Monroe County Club ; 
Student Council; Basket Ball 1918; Base 
Ball 1918. 

Physical Education. 

Lillian Klaus Owosso 


Catherine C. Korn Ludington 

Catholic Students' Cluli. 

WiLMA E. Krempel Manistee 


Bess M. La Belle Scottville 


Hazel S. Lankton DeWitt 

Delta Sigma Epsilon ; Normal Art Club. 
Fine Arts. 

Margaret A. La Noble Bath 


Walter H. Lathers Ypsilanti 

Phi Delta Pi; Chemical Club; Student 
Council ; Captain Senior Swim '19. 

Irvin W. Kinney 


Helen E. Lathrop Benville 

Eastern Star Cluli ; St. Clair County Club. 

Marion Leete Highland Park 

Wodeso ; Y. W. C. A. 

Frieda Lehmann Port Huron 

Delta Phi; Laonian Dramatic Societj"; 

French Club ; Normal Choir. 
English and French. 

Lucile Leverett Ann Arbor 

Special Education. 

Bertha Barbara Lewis Grand Rapids 

Minerva Literary Societj' ; Y. W. C. A. ; 
Ba-Ea-Ke Club ; Frances E. W'illard De- 
bating Club. 

Grace Lock W'illiamston 

Normal Choir ; Y. W. C. A. ; Insham Counts- 

Iva Lockwood Caro 

Normal Choir. 

DuLAH O. Long Davison 

Genesee County Club. 

K.\THERiNE AL LooMis Grand Rapids 

Sigma Sigma Sigma ; Y. \^^ C. A. ; Physical 

Education Club ; Ba-Ea-Ke Club. 
Physical Education. 

Foster D. Luse Riga 

Phi Delta Pi : Commercial Teachers' Club. 
Commercial Teacher. 


Orena E. Luxton Bay City 

Y. W. C. A. 

Mildred E. Lynch Lima, Ohio 

Ohio Club ; Y. W. C. A. ; Camp Fire. 

Clarissa C. Lyon Mulliken 


Irene Lytle Gladwin 


Esther E. MacFarlane Cadillac 

Zeta Tau Alpha, President ; Portia Literar\- 
Society, Vice-President ; Aurora Board ; 
Secretary Sophomore Class ; Le Cercle 
Frangais ; Sorority Council ; Normal Choir. 
English and French. 

Sina a. MacKay Denver, Colo. 

Kappa Psi ; Catholic Students' Club ; Upper 

Peninsula Club. 

Jean Mac Kenzie Lake Linden 

Sigma Sigma Sigma; Eastern Star Club; 

Upper Peninsula Club. 

Geraldine Mac Millan Muskegon 

Catholic Students Club ; Campfire. 

Bernice M. Marks Hudson 

Y. W. C. A. ; Lenawee County Club ; 

Wodeso ; French Club. 
English and French. 

Orletta D. Martin Traverse City 

Normal Choir; Y. W. C. A. 


Ula Martindale Harbor Springs 


Helen Isabel May Horton 

Y. W. C. A. 

Eleanor McCall Pontiac 

Commercial Teachers' Club ; Oakland 

County Club. 

Helen McCalla Ypsilanti 

Commercial Teachers' Club. 

Muriel Alicia McClear Whitmore Lake 

Theta Lambda Sigma ; Catholic Students' 


Magdalene McConnell Detroit 

Harmonious Mystic ; Y. C. A. ; Honor 


Marion H. McConnell '..Grass Lake 

Kappa Psi ; Portia Literary Society; His- 
tory Club ; Y. W. C. A. ; Normal Xews 

Staff ; Stoic ; Normal Choir. 
History and English. 

Beryl McCrory South Lyon 

Y. W. C. A.; Oakland County Club; His- 
tory Club. 
History and Mathematics. 

Margaret McKen ney Yale 


Marion McLean Calumet 

Minerva Literary Societj- ; Euclidean ; Le 
Cercle Francais ; Upper Pininsula Club. 
Mathematics and Modern Language. 


Flora McRae Harbor Beach 

Y. W. C. A. Cabinet ; Normal Choir. 

Hazel Marie AIears Stockbridge 

Kappa Gamma Phi ; Euclidean ; History 

Club ; Ingham-Livingston County Club ; 

Y. W. C. A. ; Campfire. 
Mathematics and History. 

Gladys Grayce Meier Grand Ledge 

Pi Kappa Sigma ; Normal Art Club ; Public 

School Music Club ; Normal Choir ; Y. W. 

C. A. 
Music and Art. 

Hilda Menger Holt 

Stoic ; Y. M. C. A. ; Ingham-Livingston 

County Club. 

Evelyn J. Metz Saginaw 

Normal Choir ; Saginaw County Club ; Girls' 

Indoor Meet ; Honor Teacher. 

LuciLE Meyer Lake Linden 

Euclidean ; Minerva Literary Society ; Chem- 
istry Club ; Catholic Club ; Upper Penin- 
sula Club. 
Mathematics and Chemistry. 

Daisy E. Milks Norway 

Portia Literary Societ^• ; Laonian Dramatic 

Society; Y. W. C. A. 
English and History. 

Shirley R. Miller Marine City 

Eastern Star Club; St. Clair County Club. 

Thelma Minnie Yale 

Laonian Dramatic Society ; Sodalitas Latina : 
Eastern Star Club ; St. Clair County Club ; 
Y. W. C. A. ; Central Board Women's 
Latin and History. 

Helen Montgomery Ypsilanti 



Abby L. Moohy 


Arthur E. Mooric Royal Oak 

Phi Delta Pi; Freshman Class President; 
Student Council 1918-19; Business Man- 
ager Aurora. 
Mathematics and Science. 

Bernice Day AIoore ]\Iinneapolis. I\Iinn. 

Kappa Psi ; Laonian Dramatic Society ; 
Chemistry Club ; Stoic ; Sorority Council, 
Pres. ; Y. W. C. A. ; Aurora Board ; Fresh- 
man Yell Mistress. 


L. Eloise Morey Clayton 

F. I. Club ; Lenawee County Club ; Xormal 


Pearl Garrison Morgan Blissfield 


Josephine Nelson Frankfort 

Pi. Kappa Sigma ; Benzie County Club. 

Pernella C. Nelson Onekama 

Campfire ; Benzie County Club. Pres. ; 

Y. W. C. A. 

Winafred H. Newton Pontiac 

Pi Kappa Sigma ; Oakland County Club ; 

Eastern Star Clul). 
F"ine Arts. 

Grace Eileen Nichols Stockbridge 

Eastern Star Club ; History Club ; Ingham- 
Livingston County Club ; Euclidean. 
History and Mathematics. 

H. A. Nicholson, Jr Ionia 

Alpha Tau Delta. 

Mathematics and Education. 


Pearl NickeLson Minneapolis, Minn. 

Kappa Psi ; Art Club ; Stoic Society. 

Ruth Norbury Hancock 

U. P. Club; Y. W. C. A. 
Fine Arts. 

Eunice M. Nortrup Lawrence 

Pi Kappa Sigma; Y. W. C. A.; Public 

School Music Club ; Normal Choir. 
Public School Music. 

Genevieve Nulan Ypsilanti 

Pi Kappa Sigma. Pres. ; Catholic Club, Pres. ; 

French Club. 
English — French. 

Hildred Oltman Grand Rapids 

Harmonious Mystics; "Twelfth Night." 
General — Life. 

Muriel E. Opal Laurium 

U. P. Club ; Y. W. C. A. 

Gertrude Pahl Mancelona 


Gladys Parkinson Ypsilanti 

Delta Phi ; Y. W. C. A. 

Ruth M. Parks Birmingham 

Y. W. C. A. ; Oakland Co. Club. 

Howard E. Parson Smiths Creek 

Alpha Tau Delta ; Chemistry Club ; St. Clair 

Co. Club ; Y. M. C. A. 
Science and Mathematics. 


Kathleen M. Parr 


Theta Lambda Sigma ; Qass Vice-Pres. ; 

Oratorical Board, Sec; Normal Choir; 

Y. W. C. A. Cabinet ; College Easter Star ; 

Laonian Drama Society ; Stoic. 
English and History. 

Nellie Elizabeth Parr Dearborn 

Theta Lambda Sigma ; Y. W. C. A. ; Kinder- 
garten Club ; Normal Choir ; College East- 
ern Star. 

Crescence U. Paull Ypsilanti 

U. P. Club ; Campfire. 

Idelphia Peacock Portland 


Esther M. Perry Lowell 

Ba-Ea-Ke Co. Club ; Y. W". C. A. 
English and Historj'. 

Esther Petertyl Traverse City 

Normal Choir ; Y. W. C. A. 

Irvena Pettit Dundee 

Sigma Sigma Sigma ; Y. W. C. A. ; O. E. S. 


Clara Pfau Howell 


Carolyn Placeway St. Louis 

Eastern Star. 

Margaret E. Plumb St. Joseph 

Delta Sigma Epsilon. 

Gladys Porter 


Harmonious Mystics ; Girls' Friendly 

Society ; Kindergarten Club. 

Mildred Powelson Holly 

History and Geography. 

Violet B. Ramshaw Paulding, O. 

Kappa Psi Sorority ; Portia Literary Society ; 

History Club ; Y. W. C. A. 
History and English. 

Ruth S. Reaper Monroe 

Treble Clef ; Kindergarten Club. 

Mary Randall Hastings 

Ba-Ea-Ke County Club. 

Etta Reid Avoca 

Y. W. C. A. ; Euclidean Club ; St. Clair Co. 

Club ; Board of Women's League. 
English and Mathematics. 

John T. Reynolds Berville 

Alpha Tau Delta ; Lincoln Debating Club ; 
St. Clair Co Club; Normal Orchestra; 
Y. M. C. A. ; Euclidean Club. 
Science and Mathematics. 

Lillian Skeels Rice 


M. Lucile Rice Howell 

Sigma Nu Phi; Physical Ed. Club; Indoor 

Meet r918-'20; Manager Dash 1920. 
Physical Education. 

Clinton Rich Deerfield 

Alpha Tau Delta ; Lenawee County Club ; 
Chemistry Club ; Lincoln Debating Club. 

Philomene Richardson Detroit 

Physical Education Club; Camp Fire Girls. 
Physical Education. 

Florence Alice Roberts Allegan 

Minerva Literary Society; Fine Arts Club; 

Normal Choir. 
Fine Arts. 

Hazel Rose Detroit 

Eastern Star Club. 

Helen I. Roth Glenwood 

Minerva Literary. 
Rural Education. 

Fa ye Rouse Harbor Springs 

Commercial Teachers' Club. 

Marie Ruona Ishpeming 

Upper Peninsula Club ; Arts and Crafts 


Mary E. Saettel Hudson 

Portia Literary Society ; French Club ; Y. 

W. C. A. ; Lenawee County Club. 
French and English. 

Edith Sailes Albion 

Y. W. C. A. ; Commercial Teachers' Club. 

Marie A. Saleska Lansing 

Wodeso ; Euclidean Societ\' ; Ingham- 
Livingston Club. 

Jennie Lucille S.xxberg Ironwood 

Upper Peninsula Club ; Honor Teacher. 

Laura Marie Sauer Ann Arbor 

Delta Phi. 
Physical Education. 

Mabel M. Schmaus Coloma 

Normal Choir. 

Dorothea Schmid Holland 


Daisy M. Scothorne Nashville 

Ba-Ea-Ke Club ; Natural Science Club. 
Natural Science. 

Mary Scovill Hudson 

Minerva Literary Society ; Euclidean ; Le 

Cercle Frangais ; Y. W. C. A. ; Lenawee 
County Club ; Stoic. 
Mathematics and French. 

Winona Scranton Durand 

Pi Kappa Sigma ; Commercial Teachers' 


Gladys Lee Durand 

Y. W. C. A. 

Fern E. Seely Cass City 

Y. W. C. A. 

Dorothy Marie Sharphorn. .. .Grand Rapids 

Physical Education Club ; Y. W. C. A. ; Stu- 
dent Council ; Normal Choir ; oa-Ea-Ke 

Physical Education. 

Dorothy Sheets Fremont 


Ula Mae Shier 


Coral L. Sibilsky Laurium 

Euclidean; Y. W. C. A.; Upper Peninsula 


Thella Sibray Cadillac 

Y. W. C. A. ; Camp Fire. 
Rural Life. 

Martha M. Sill Traverse City 

Y. W. C. A. ; Central Board Women's 


Paul S. Singleton Bit; Rapids 

F. L Club. 

Rosalind Smalley Muskegon 

Portia Literary Societ\" ; Camp Fire ; 

Y. W. C. A. 

Thera B. Smiley Bangor 

Normal Choir. 

Carol L. Smith Alorenci 

Theta Lambda Sigma ; Kindergarten Club ; 

Lenawee County Club ; Y. V\". C. A. ; 

Normal Choir. 

Fannie B. Smith Pentwater 

Y. W. C. A.; Frances Willard Del^ating 

Special Geography Course. 

Floyd L. Smith .Cedar Spring? 

Alpha Tau Delta; Track '19; Soccer '20; 
Lincoln Debating Club ; Chemistry Club, 
President ; Y. j\L C. A.. \'ice-President ; 
Sophomore Class President ; Stoic ; Or- 
chestra, Student Council ; Student Assist- 
ant Chemistry Laboratorj-. 


Frances I. Smith Mason 

Alpha Sigma Tail. 

Irene Smith Pontiac 

Zeta Tau Alpha; Portia Literary Society; 

Laonian Dramatic Society. 
English and History. 

Jessie D. Smith Sault Ste. Marie 

Upper Peninsula Club. 

Edna Lavonia Snyder Ann Arbor 

Art Club, President ; Minerva Literary 

Fine Arts. 

Ruth M. Spalding Perry 

Alpha Sigma Tau. 

Maude E. Spears Pontiac 


Robert K. Speer Minden City 

Chi Delta ; History Club ; Le Cercle Fran- 
gais; Webster Club; Y. M. C. A.; Men's 
Union, Vice-President ; Hillsdale Debate. 
History and Social Science. 

Vivian Pauline Staley Sisterville, W. Va. 

Treble Clef. 

Elizabeth Stearns Saginaw 

Sodalitas Latina ; Y. W. C. A. ; Saginaw 

County Club. 
Latin Physical Science. 

Victoria Steele Negaunee 

Sigma Sigma Sigma; Y. W. C. A.; Wodeso. 

Helen Stellwagex \\'a3Tie 

Zeta Tau Alpha; Kindergarten Club. 

Lelia Stock Detroit 

Physical Education Clul) ; Eastern Star 

Cliib ; Y. W. C. A. 
Physical Education. 

Alvena M. Streng Plymouth 

Delta Phi ; Laonian Society ; Euclidean So- 
ciety ; Camp Fire ; Stoic ; Y. W. C. A. ; 
Secretary Sorority Council. 

Esther K. Sturm Saline 

Arts and Crafts Club. 

Florence Suobanki Calumet 

Camp Fire ; Upper Peninsula Club. 

Anne Swearingen New Philadelphia 

Harmonious Mystics. 

Marjorie Sweet Ypsilanti 

Harmonious Mystic; Girls' Friendly 

Society ; French Club. 

Beulah Tallman Greenville 

Y. W. C. A. ; Kindergarten Club. 

Margaret Taylor Leslie 

Alpha Sigma Tau. 

Ruth Thomas Laurium 

Upper Peninsula Club ; Minerva Literary 

Society ; Kindergarten Club. 


Vera Eloise Thompson Greenville 

Eastern Star Club ; Euclidean Club ; Chemis- 
try Club ; Camp Fire. 
Mathematics and Chemistry. 

Florence Topping Gregory 

Pi Kappa Sigma. 

Olive Uksila Calumet 

Camp Fire ; Physical Education Club. 
Physical Education. 

Hazel Underbill Salem 

History Club ; Y. W. C. A. 
History and English. 

Marie Van Einam Zeeland 

Normal Choir; Y. W. C. A. 

Irene Van Horn Grand Ledge 

Kappa Psi ; Frances VVillard Debating 


Almon V. Vedder Willis 

Chi Delta ; Webster Lincoln Debating Club ; 

Chemistry Club. 

Ella Von Sprecken Ludington 

Kappa Gamma Phi ; History Club ; Le Cercle 

History and French. 

Marguerite Wade Calumet 

Frances Willard Debating Club ; Laonian 
Dramatic Society; Catholic Club; Upper 
Peninsula Club, Secretary and Treasurer. 

English and Expression. 

Olive Waggoner Bad Axe 

Sigma Sigma Sigma ; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet ; 

Wodeso; History Club; Stoic. 
History and English. 


Reva Helen Walker Brockway Mont. 


Grace L. Wallace Bay City 

Frances E. Willard Debating Club ; Orator- 
ical Board ; Aurora Board ; Y. W. C. A. 
English and Mathematics. 

Evelyn L. Ward Owosso 

Harmonious Mystics ; Kindergarten Club. 

President ; Normal Choir. 

Earl Clinton Webb Memphis 

Physical Education Club ; St. Clair County- 

Club ; Crafts Club; Men's Union; Y. M. 
C. A.; Athletic Council Track '19, '20; 
Manager Track ; Webster-Lincoln Debat- 
ing Club. 
Phj'sical Education. 

Roy O. Webb ^ilemphis 

Alpha Tau Delta; Y. M. C. A.; Athletic 
Council; Football '17, '19; Manager Foot- 
ball '19; Baseball '20; Track '20; Lincoln 
Debating Club ; Chemistry Club ; Physical 
Education Club. 
Chemistry and Physical Education. 

Dora Lu Belle Welch Alason 

Sigma Sigma Sigma ; Eastern Star Club ; 

Ingham County Club. 

Josephine Ethel Westcott Detroit 

Eastern Star Club ; St. Clair County Club ; 

Y. W. C. A. ; Camp Fire. 

Don S. Wheeler Ypsilanti 

Phi Delta Pi; Oratorical Board '19; Foot- 
ball '18; Basketball Reserves '19-'20; Base- 
ball '19; Stoic; Men's Union. 

Physical Science. 

Mrs. Mame E. White Highland 

Eastern Star Club. 

Majel Lucile Whitlock Brighton 

Ingham and Livingston County Club. 



Zeta Tail Alpha; Upper Peninsula Club. 
Physical Education. 

Grace Wieland Lansing 

Crafts Club ; Ingham-Livingston Club. 
Industrial Arts. 

Marjorie Wilber Ypsilanti 

Theta Lambda Sigma ; Portia ; Y. W. C. A. 

Cabinet; Le Cercle Franqais. 

Marguerite R. Williams Benzonia 

Camp Fire ; Y .W. C. A. ; Benzie-Manistee 

County Club. 

Dorothe Wilson Manton 

Normal Choir ; Sodalitas Latina. 
Special Language. 

Harriet E. Wilson Capac 

St. Clair County Club ; Physical Education 

Physical Education. 

Lillian Jeanette Wolfeil Otia 

Camp Fire; Y. W. C. A.; Delegate to Des 

Moines Convention. 
Special Education. 

Avery C. Wood Blanchard 

Men's Union ; Sodalitas Latina. 
Language and Education. 

Frances Cork Woodbury Ypsilanti 

Y. W. C. A. 

Eleanor Wolverton Grand Rapids 

Ba-Ea-Ke Club. 

Linda B. Yageman 

Wodeso Club; F. I. Club. 


Alex. D. Zehner Stevensville 

Alpha Tau Delta ; Catholic Students' Club ; 

Webster Debating Club; lien's Union. 

Belle J. Brink Grant 

Y. W. C. A. ; President Xewaygo-Oceana 

County Club ; Normal Choir. 

Manley E. Irwin 

Alpha Tau Delta ; F. I. Club. 




A lit-tle Fresh-man has just come to School. 

He is ver-y Hap-py. 

He Says that he will have a Good Time. 

He does not Know how man-y Les-sons he must Learn. 

He thinks that he knows a Great man-y Things Now. 

Ask the Fresh-man What he knows. 

He will Tell you at Once. 



The Fresh-man meets man-y O-ther Boys and Girls. 

Some of them are Fresh-men, Too. 

The Fresh-men choose Wil-he John-son for Their 

Wil-lie is the one with the Sail-or Suit and the Horn. 
He is a nice Lit-tle boy. 
He will be a fine Lead-er for the Fresh-men. 
They choose Hil-da Mc-Dou-gall and Paul-ine Weiss 
and Mil-dred Van We-gen for their O-ther Lead-ers. 
Those are ver-y Hard words, are they Not? 


Then the Fresh-men had a Part-y. 

All of the Boys and Girls came to the Par-ty. 

They played Games and Had a Good Time. 

They had Pink Le-mon-ade to Drink. 

It was an Hi-la-ri-ous Eve-ning. 

o — — 

The Lit-tle Fresh-man has been at School Near-ly 
a year. 

He has Had a Good year. 

He has Work-ed hard, Too. 

Ask him What he knows Now. 

Per-haps he will not Tell you. 

Soon he will have Read all this Book. 

Then he will not Read the Fresh-man Prim-er an-y more. 

He will be a Soph-o-more. 



The Literary Section of the Aurora is a nezu venture and is, the Board believes, a very 
worth-Vi'hile addition and one ivorthy of imitation in the future volumes. The work ivas 
submitted to a group of the best zvriters of the student body, the only limitations being ttiat 
the subjects should have to do ivith the Great IJ'ar and so be in keeping with the spirit of 
this volume of the Aurora. 

The EDiTORii. 

The First Glass 

By Raye Roberts Platt 

Rossinger is always early astir. On clear mid- 
winter mornings, long before the first faint gleam- 
ing of the dawn, the smoke of a hundred freshly- 
kindled wood-fires curls upward in thin blue ribbons 
from the huddle of red roofs. There is enchantment 
in this waking hour. The hearth-fire snaps and leaps, 
setting all the darkened corners dancing with fantastic 
silhoviettes. The kettle, swinging on the creaking 
crane, purrs and whispers cheerily till all the low- 
ceiled room seems filled with sweet content. From the 
adjoining stable comes the rhythmic plash and tinkle 
of swiftly filling ])ails ; the rustle and swish of well- 
cured fodder ; and the muffled lowing of cattle, eyes-deep in their high-piled 

The villager steps to the door and, standing there upon his threshold, while 
the light from the fire plays fitfully over the cobbles of the narrow street, drinks 
deeply of those first brisk draughts of morning air that mark the lifting of the 
night-mists. Worn is the stone of that threshold in two deep hollows where 
the feet of uncounted generations have passed — the tripping dancing feet of 
carefree youth ; the heavy, plodding feet of toilsome middle-age ; the dragging, 
shuffling feet of weary, careworn years. 

On every side great hills loom vague the darkness, save to the 
eastward where the highest, ruggedest peak of all stands sharply defined in all 
its barren grandeur upon the widening background of the graying morning sky. 
Slowly the dawn comes on ; slowly the light grows ; slowly the first rays of the 
sun feel cautiously across the sky, like timid golden fingers, touching with glory 
the tip of crag and cloud. Slowly the Midas-touch creeps up the edges of the 
hill until suddenly, upon the summit of the loftiest rock, there leaps into miracu- 
lous radiance the great stone cross, placed there a thousand years ago and more, 
the village archives say, to be a lasting symbol of Peace and Love. Reverently 
the villager repeats the sign upon his brow, his shoulders and his breast and 
haltingly murmurs, in the half-forgotten language of his fathers, an age-old 

Perhaps he pauses for a moment then to ponder on the changes that the 
passing years have brought. Here upon this very threshold he stood clinging to 
his mother's skirts and watched the blue-clad Prussians pour past that cross and 


down to flood the village streets ; watched and danced to the echoing fanfare of 
the drums; paused to wonder at the despair fast aging the freshness of his 
mother's cheeks ; and danced again in childish unconcern. 

Many a morning, in all the years that have passed, he has stood there waiting 
for the miracle of the dawn to bring new vigor to his ebbing hopes, and has 
turned back to his fire with new resolve in his heart and new strength to bear 
the hand of the oppressor. Now at last, after half a century of mingled prayers 
and fears, the Day has come — a splendid Day, such as follows so often upon the 
blackest night. Gone from the village street is the clank of spurs and the rattle 
of arms ; but fresh in the villager's mind is the picture of that long-prayed-for 
day when all the roadway rang to the sound of hurrying feet ; when all the face 
of the morning sun was hid by the skurrying gray of retreating regiments. Sweet 
with the breath of Hberty is the air, this midwinter morning, and the heart of the 
villager swells with new pride as he repeats that proud slogan that has kept alive 
the spirit of his people for so many years : "I am of Lorraine." 

The world comes down to Rossingen, nestling there in the shelter of her 
mighty hills, along the wide white roadway that, entering past the great stone 
cross, skirts the whole amphitheater midway between the summit and the valley 
before it dips swiftly down into the village. The hills are steep — so steep that 
the passing stranger hurries along half-fearing an avalanche, and finding a 
doubtful reassurance in the low stone wall that follows the road as far as the 
eye can reach. 

A long, gaunt figure in a dirty gray uniform sat hunched on that wall one 
January morning just as the dawn began to gray behind the easterly hills. His 
thin shoulders were toward the road and his legs, in their clumsy black boots, 
dangled over the village, the red of whose roofs was only a darker spot in the 
shades of the valley at this early hour. The acrid odor of wood-smoke drifted 
up to his nostrils and he leaned far forward at times, sniffing hungrily of its 
sharp fragrance, peering searchingly down at the village and then lifting an 
impatient face toward the eastern sky as if to hasten the coming of the day. His 
right sleeve hung lump and, with every shifting of his body, he clutched at his 
shoulder and cringed painfully as though the wound were not long healed. 

Finally he began awkwardly to search his pockets and at last drew out a big 
knife. He opened it with his teeth and, gripping it clumsily, in his left hand, 
began to saw laboriously at the buttons of his tunic. Fat, putty colored buttons 
they were, with a crown embossed upon their convex surface ; and as each fell 
from its thread, the man fondled it in the palm of his hand, studying it half- 
doubtfully, haif-lovingly, and then cast it from him as though it were an unclean 
thing. As each button fell into his hand, he held it there, struggling with him- 
self, it seemed as though those buttons symbolized something that had become 
essential to his life and from which he was separating himself with only half- 
hearted willingness. But. when the last button had rattled down among the 
rocks, he shook himself as if freed at last from the shackles of some painful self- 
dom. With a sudden impetuous movement, he turned and a light that was almost 
a smile flashed for a moment in his hungry eyes. 


The sun had risen. Shrouded in mist, it hung above the opposite-lying hill, 
revealing only a narrow rim of radiance to crown the dull blues and grays and 
fleecy white of its scarfings. The cross, its rugged, weathered limbs all edged 
with light, was a wondrous thing to look upon ; symbolic, it seemed, and pro- 
phetic of the light that had come to Lorraine after half a century of darkness. 
The man lifted his face toward it and, for the moment, his haggai'd features, 
bathed in the sunlight, reflected something of its glory. He threw his leg across 
the wall as if to rise ; then, as swiftly as it had come, the light was gone f rcmi 
his face and there remained only hesitancy and doubt and sullen hopelessness. 
His shoulders slumped back again ; and, turning his head, he looked down at the 
village once more, and stretched his arm impulsively toward it with a gesture 
of infinite yearning. 

The morning air was marvelously clear, and, as he poised there with arm 
outstretched, there came to him all that medley of homely morning sounds that 
are so sweet to a homesick villager's ear — the jubilant crowing of cocks, the 
plaintive bleating of sheep, the rattle of an early cart upon the cobble-stones. At 
the sound the man's arm fell to his side and a storm of dull miserable sobs shook 
his shoulders. There was something primeval about his grief, an elemental 
abandon, as though, with each sob, were ebbing out the last vestiges of a nuui- 
hood to which he had ckmg desperately until now. 

Then, suddenly, from around the curve toward the village, came the heavy 
rhythm of marching feet. The man hushed his sobbing and looked wildly about 
him as if to find a hiding place ; but there was none — only the steep hillside below 
and the steeper rocks above. So he dragged a hasty sleeve across his eyes and 
climbed slowly to his feet just as the head of the column swung round the curve. 
They marched four abreast, swinging with a great free stride that was good to 
look upon. Brown-clad they were ; their curious rovnid helmets gleamed darkly 
in the half-light of the hillside, and they sang, as they marched, snatches of some 
strangely cadenced air that echoed sharply back from the rocks. The man 
jerked his heels together and snapped his hand to his cap in salute. Fear was 
clearly legible on his white face, fear and yet something of the hopeless defiance 
of a hunted animal brought to bay at last. But the column swept past him and 
the officers at its head gave him a hearty salute and even smiled at him. The 
men inspected him suspiciously as they passed, yet greeted him with unmis- 
takable friendliness and tramped on. Stiffly erect he stood there until the last 
sound of them had echoed into silence, and, as he strained his ears for their 
dying footsteps, there spread slowly over his face such an expression of mingled 
bewilderment and hope and pitiful joy that it was almost beautiful to look upon. 
His shoulders were straight now, his head erect ; and. with an unmistakably 
military movement, he wheeled and stepped out in the direction from which thr 
marching column had come. 

Once having roimded the curve the road dropped in almost precipitous 
windings toward the village, but the man struck the incline and began the descent 
with the ease of one who sets his feet upon the homeward path. Sumac and 
alder and scrub-oaks lined the roadway now and so filled its many sharp angles 


that only a few rods of it were visible at any moment. The man rounded one 
of these corners and came suddenly and unexpectedly upon a bent old woman 
carefully binding bundles of twigs for firewood. Instantly all his fine courage 
was gone and he was once again a cringing, frightened, hopeless thing. He tried 
to sling into the bushes unseen, but the crone had heard his footsteps and, 
whirling quickly, had him by the coat before he could take a step. "'Du 
vertiuechter Boche !" she screamed, twisting him deftly about to face her. But 
at her first glimpse of his face she stopped astonished. "Karl ! Karl Mueller !" 
she repeated, as if doubtful of the evidence of her own eyes. Silent he stood 
there while her keen old eyes searched his face. "And I called you a Boche I" 
She threw her head and laughed long at the preposterousness of such an idea. 

Still the man made no answer and the woman, remarking his sileijce. stepped 

closer and peered at him perplexedly. "Were you trying to ?" she began 

slowly, with stern accusation in her voice, and then, checking herself, corrected 
her suspicion. "But no, you were only trying to scare your old neighbor. 'T\va> 
like you. Always up to your little jokes." Stretching out a gnarled old hand 
she fingered gently at his empty sleeve and looked at him in voiceless sympathy, 
sure that in his sufifering she had found occasion for his silence. "You are the 
last," she told him finally. "Long ago we gave you up. All but the wife, ."^he 
goes still at daybreak to the church to pray for you, and every morning when I 
meet her coming back, she is sure the day will bring you. And here I'm keeping 
you from her with my running tongue. Hurry !" she commanded him shrilly and 
turned back to .her work. Then when he did not move, she came back to him 
and, leaning forward with her hands on her broad hips, she scrutinized his face 
even more closely than before, trying to fathom, with the prerogative of her 
years, the mystery of his unwarranted manner. 

"But," he stammered, with shamed, downcast face, when he could bear her 
scrutiny no longer, "the French? Are they not here?" 

"La ! La !" she answered, mistaking the tone of his question. "Where have 
you been? Surely they're here." Then, struck with a sudden idea, she paused 
and pondered. "Oh ! That was it !" she cried, with dawning comprehension, 
clapping her hard palms and wagging her head at her own sagacity. "\Miy man. 
there isn't a Boche left in all Lorraine! Here? Oh, the streets are full of the 
blue of them!" she shrilled joyously. "And, Karl," she thrust her withered face 
close to his and whispered as though the tidings were too sacred to be spoken, 
"The flag is here ! The old tri-color ! Oh, I've prayed that it would come !" A 
sudden burst of happy tears flooded her face. Down she sat on a bundle of twigs 
and rocked and wept. 

Still the man did not move but only stood and looked down at her in growing 
discomfiture. The woman, having dried her eyes at length, looked up astonished 
to find him still standing there, "\\'hy do you wait?" she scolded angrily. "I tell 
vou the wife is waiting. Have you lost your sense with your arm?" 

In answer he glanced down at the dirty gray of his uniform and up at her 
again, a pitiful question in his eyes. Then, with a flash of swift intuition, she 
perceived an apparent reason for his reluctance to go on. "Why." she laughed 


scornfully, "Lorraine is full of gray like that. It's the heart and not the clothes 
that makes you of Lorraine." The man winced painfully at that, hut the old 
woman, busy with her philosophy, did not notice. "We're all French now," she 
ran on. "They love us, the French, and all that they ask of our men is that they 
cut off the buttons. Strange times," she cackled, delighted with her own shrewd- 
ness, "When a button makes a man a Boche and a flapping tunic makes a 

But the man was in no mood to join her mirth. "But Fve killed them." he 
argued sullenly, "Killed Frenchmen." He thrust his hand toward her as if the 
blood were still red upon its palm for her to see. 

L-ritated with his stubbornness, she caught him by the hand and started as 
if to drag him forcibly away. "Your hand is clean, and your wife is waiting," 
she told him. "Go, or FU take a fagot to you as Fve done many a time when you 
used to play with my lads and steal the grapes from that old vine over the door 
almost before they had begun to purple." 

The man smiled a bit at that, and, turning from her, began the descent. But 
his feet were slow upon the homeward path and the woman watched his reluc- 
tant pace with growing impatience. "You'll find them all at the school," she 
called after him. "They are beginning to teach the French again today. All 
the village will be there. 'Tis only that the nights are chill and the fagots low 
that I am not there myself." Glad of an excuse for delaying, the man halted. 
''Remember the day when they began to teach you children the German? 
Remember how they took down the picture of Louis Xapoleon that hung behind 
the master's desk? La, la, how my Katrina cried when they took away her 
French grammar ! Remember how we whispered together 'Vive la France' 
because we did not dare to shout it? You were a lad in aprons then, but I can 
see yet how your face shone." The man winced again, and bit his lips at the 
memory. "Well, they're teaching French again today," she concluded sagely 
and turned back to her binding. 

.\gain and again the man hesitated and stopped, looking back up the hillside, 
down into the village, and up at the great cross now visible from every angle 
of the road, debating, always debating the direction of the next step. Yet, as 
he drew nearer the village and the old familiar sights, pregnant with a thousand 
poignant memories, clustered close about him, his step was lighter and his inde- 
cision less apparent. 

The white road enters I-iossingen through a massive gateway that pierces the 
gray old wall that, built in some dim, forgotten day of the Roman occupancy, 
still flings a protecting arm about the little village. The man stepped through the 
gate and into the courtyard inside. There was a scurrying and bustling there 
and a festive air about it all. He paused in the shadow of the gateway to watch 
and listen. Every man and woman that crossed that court, save for an occa- 
sional trim figure in horizon blue, was as well known to him as his own body. 
Every voice brought to him a rush of memories that seemed unbearably sweet. 
There was shelter in the darkness of the gateway while out in the court the 
morning sun shone brilliantly. Twice he essayed to brave the light and as many 


times slunk dejectedly back into the shadows again. Then somewhere a bell 
clanged, cheerfully and insistently. At the first stroke the man stepped straight 
out into the sunlight and turned toward the sound. He noticed now that the 
court was empty and that, after a few quick strokes, the bell was silent. But 
its ringing had touched some responsive heart-string and he was drawn irre- 
sistibly toward it. 

The narrow, cobble-paved street teemed with a host of familiar sights and 
smells, but the man had senses for none of them. The street was short, so that 
it was only a moment until he stepped into a tiny, box-bordered area before a 
square old building of time-stained brick. The sign above the door was newly 
painted. "Ecole Commique," the man spelled out the words laboriously. Then, 
for the first time, his eyes fell upon the banner hanging above it. Three bars of 
blue and white and red it bore, beautiful in the freshness of its colors. Then, a 
passing breeze caught the banner and fluttered its silken folds down like a scarf 
about his shoulders. At the touch, a new light dawned upon his face, like a 
radiance from some swift vision. Doubt and fear had vanished from his eyes; 
and with the gesture of one who has been through the fire and has been born 
anew, he lifted a fold of the flag and kissed it reverently. 

Then he moved swiftly toward the open door and. as he stepped upon the 
threshold, there came to him a chorus of chanting voices. A strange chorus it 
was to come from any school-house door — children's vices, high and shrill with 
excitement; women's voices, vibrant with tenderness; men's voices, trembling 
with emotion. Slowly the words of the chant revealed themselves to his con- 
sciousness. They were conjugating a French verb. "J'aime la France, tu aimes 
la France, il aime la France," they chanted. 

Hans Mueller set his foot inside the door. The chanting stopped and, with a 
wild cry, a little form popped from the assembly and flung itself upon him. 
"Vater ! Vater Karl !" an eager voice repeated. "Hans ! Du kleiiier Hans !" the 
father answered passionately and crushed the little form close against his body. 

The lad clung there in ecstacy for a moment and then, struggling free, stood 
back and eyed his father in solemn disapproval. Carefully he corrected his first 
greeting. "Mon pere," he articulated slowly, "Charles, mon pere." 

"Jean," agreed the father, smiling, "Jean, mon petit. Gott sei Dank." 


The Zero Hour 

(A series of descriptive sketches.) 
Published anonymously. 

There was a scurrying of countless footsteps in the long grass, a murmur of 
voices, a stirring in the tangled hedge-rows, a rattling of heavy drops from 
dripping branches. "Stand to," a voice whispered, a voice sharp even in its 
whispering, high-pitched as only sleepless nights and harrowing days can make 
a voice. Private Wolsey, deep in his cramped little fox-hole, lifted heavy, 
reluctant lids that for hours past he had held tightly closed over burning, 
sleepless eyes, and sprang stiffly out upon his carefully heaped parapet. 

By the luminous dial of his wrist-watch he knew that dawn had come upon 
the hill at Nantillois — a cold gray dawn that seemed only a dreary prolonging of 
a weary night. The moon, still high and wierdly pale between the long gray 
wisps of fog that half obscured it, lent a strange ghostliness to the dim stretches 
of hill and woodland that lay on either side and cast short, squat shadows of 
those long dark rows of stiffly watchful figures, that ranged across the hillside, 
upon the curtain of mist that rolled from their very feet to the summit of the 
hill. Beyond that hill, and hidden from sight by it and the fog, lay the earth- 
works of the enemy. Darkly impenetrable, hauntingly silent, hidden in its depths 
the horrors of yesterday's battle, down the slope to the right lay the gloom of 
the forest. To the left, stark and white, like heaps of bleached bones, like ashes 
upon a spent hearth-stone, lay the village of Nantillois. 

A thousand odors rose from the sodden earth — the pungent, biting smell of 
gas that lingered still in the yellowed grass, the acid tang of wood-smoke, the 
stale stench of high explosives. Over all lay an unearthly calm, a breathlessness 
as of exhaustion ; a blessed relief it seemed after a night of horrors. The boy 
rested, leaning forward on his rifle, and stared into the gray bank of fog before 

Then, suddenly there came a chorus of sharp commands from the foot of 
the hill, the clank of metal, a mighty roar as from a thousand throats, a myriad 
blinding flashes, a demon-like shrieking in the air above ; and the barrage was on. 

From some post far down the valley a bugle's faint, clear notes sounding the 
reveille drifted up. The girl slipped quickly from the dripping hedge, shook a 
shower of heavy rain-drops from her tangled hair, straightened her limp, wet 
skirts and strained groping eyes for some familiar landmark. 


Dawn had come again upon that stretch of shattered homes and wasted fields 
men call the Argonne ; dawn so dark and chill and gray with mist that only the 
sense that she had rested told her that a new day was at hand. The moon that 
had shone fitfully between the showers since midnight still rode high. Slowdy, 
as her eyes grew wonted to darkness, the landscape revealed itself. Behind her 
lay the dense, close lines of the wide, wooded valley, straight, dark and unbroken 
save when some scattered clumps of cedars, stretching their lofty tops above the 
rest, stood clearly, sharply defined against the skyline. Before her lay a misty, 
Aveirdly lighted expanse of tiny fields with their broken, bordering hedge-rows — 
fields as pitted and marred as smallpox will leave the face of its victim. 

The girl slipped down into the deep ooze of the road, found, with the ease 
of long familiarity, the beaten trail of the camion wheels and swung away to the 
northward with the free, easy stride of a native. At her right ran the low 
tangle of the hedge ; to her left the tall poles and the basket work of the 
camouflage. Long lines of heavy-laden camions crowded her into the hedge and 
lashed her with streams of mud. So on to an easterly turn in the road, past the 
sign-board, whose black and white lines read like an epitaph of dead homes and 
hopes and hearts, and Nantillois lay at her feet ; Nantillois, a network of half- 
erased streets and scattered piles of crumbling stone. Before her, its crest veiled 
in a bank of fog that reached down long clammy fingers to touch her face, its 
foot banked with shadowy hedge-rows, rose the hill. 

There was a stir upon the hillside toward her. One by one dark forms 
emerged as from the earth and ranged themselves in long, irregular rows. There 
was a chorus of sharp commands in the dark bushes at the foot of the hill, a 
clanking of metal, a flash, a roar, and the barrage was on. 

It was six o'clock by the cock-pit chronometer. The first faint gleam of the 
dawning day lightened a bit the dense fog-banks that hung close upon the far, 
low-lying hills to the east ; but the moon in the last pale quarter of her 
descendancy still swung high and the forest slipping away beneath the plane 
seemed only dark blotches of background between the gray, drifting streamers 
of the mist. The observer, one hand in readiness on the key of his wireless, his 
eyes glued to his binoculars, peered anxiously down, seeking vainly to penetrate 
the fog. "Gott !" he muttered impatiently, "Es ist dunkel !" and signalled the 
driver. As quickly as if in answer to his thought the plane swooped down : down 
so low that the trees flung back a sharp echo to its throbbing motor- From 
somewhere close at hand a machine-gun broke out in a hasty startled staccato. 


Thin streaks of fire pierced the mist. Bullets whizzed buzzing past the plane and 
'spit' viciously against it. The driver glanced over his shoulder as if for instruc- 
tions, but the observer shook his head vehemently and bent to his glasses agam 
Then suddenly the fog rolled forward and, like a cinema upon the screen, the 
whole expanse of hill and valley and wooded plain leaped into view. The 
observer spoke a crisp command into the driver's telephone and the beating of 
the motor was instantly hushed. Not a breath came up from those pitted fields. 
Not a leaf stirred in all the deep calm of the forest. Silence and mystery and 
death brooded there. Noiselessly the plane slipped on. h^or an instant just be- 
neath them huddled the awful ruins of Nantillois ghastly in the pale moonlight, 
hauntingly accusing, a pitifully sufficient witness of the power of bomb and 

Now a hill loomed broad before them. Fog still scarfed its crest and clung 
to its silent slopes; but this fog too was swept away as by some swift hand and 
on the instant, as if by miracle, the whole earth bristled with life. Camions 
poured from the forest, from every clump of bushes a great, black muzzle thrust 
ominiously forth and all across the hillside were ranged long rows of brown-clad 
men. The observer, still eagerly scanning the earth, gripped his sending key 
and began to jerk out a hurried message. Then in sudden frenzy he leaned 
toward the telephone. But there was no need for his command. Already the 
plane was mounting with the swiftness of a frightened bird. As they scurried 
up there came to their ears a mighty roaring and booming; the world was 
reddened by an endless flashing; the air was full of shriekings. The barrage 
was on. 


3n jWemoriam 

By Idelphia Peacock. 

The charms of earth so fair had turned from gold to gray ; 

But sunbeams clung to earth and soft caressed the day ; 
And faces bravely smiled o'er hearts that were not gay, 

While trembling lips voiced blessings and were quick to say 
"God bless you," as you marched away. ^ 

Alert with eagerness, your country's call obeyed. 
And ready patriots you stood undaunted, brave. 

"Would we be true defenders if we stayed?" 

"Withal — a sacrifice must come, the altar's made," 
You told us while we smiled — but prayed. 

Oh, you who had the faith to look with fearless eyes, 

The strife to challenge with your manhood's noblest prize, 

You knew the heritage that in such incense lies, 
You saw an ampler dawn from out that chaos rise ; 
The rainbow promise vault the skies. 

For you our eyes are veiled in mists of tender tears. 

But priceless dower as yours consoles our hearts and cheers ; 
We greet the coming dawn of peace and, spite of fears. 

Our faith we pledge to keep through all the coming years. 
The rainbow gleams — and darkness clears. 






Assistant Editor 


Business Manager 


Asst. Business Manager 

mal College 


^1920 — 


Raye Pi.att Literary 

Bernice Moore Joke 

Charles Forsytue. .. .Athletics 

Gladys Cairns Sorority 

Grace Braddock Freshmen 

Grover Baker Degree 

Robert Christenson Fraternity 

Cynthia Dodge Art 

Grace Wallace. . .Organization 
James Crumley Cartoonist 

Ypsilanti, Mich., April 1, Leap Year. 

Dear Fellow-Students : 

Enclosed herewith your copy of the Family Album. You never thought 
you'd get it, did you? Well, console yourselves. We are even more surprised 
than you. But here it is — a whole dollar and seventy-five cents worth of it. 
We know that this is the poorest Aurora yet. How ? Why, we heard you say 
so. But you said the same thing last year ; so we're not worrying. We're going 
to pick up the papers now and lock the door and forget it — if you will let us. 

It isn't really so bad though, is it? You'll find your picture in it anywhere 
from fourteen to forty times, and that was what you wanted, wasn't it? If 
yours isn't there you will find others almost as funny. We tried to find room 
for everything you wrote on those envelopes — and no questions asked. So if 
there is anything missing just write it in. We w^ant you to have all that's coming 
to you. Besides we have said just as many nice things about you as we know. 
If we haven't said anything at all about you, it's just because we couldn't bear to 
say all we know. 

Take the Album home with you, anyway. You might as well ; you paid for it. 
Beside you'll find it useful. You can always alternate it with your post-card 
album and your memory book.. No one will know what all those Greek letters 
and queer words mean. Think of having to explain all that ! 

We appreciate your co-operation. You did get your pictures in — some of 
you. We aren't cruel enough to say anything about the 'eleventh hour.' Take 
our best wishes, won't you? That ninety cents pays for that. 

As ever. 

The Aurora Board. 


Chemistry Club 

Patron — Professor B. W 


Floyd L. Smith ...... 

. President 

K. Leora McCloskey . . . . 

. . . Secretary 


V. LuciLE Miller ..... 

. Vice-President 

Leo Callahan 

Lee Wilks 

John Ankebrant 

Paul VanSickle 

Elaine Wright 

Grace E. Simmons 

Zola Foote 

Muriel E. Brusie 

Dorothy Adams 

Francis Shanks 

Marjorie Dean 

George C. Kapnick 

Alice Consoer 

William L. Johnson 

Lucile M. Miller 

G. E. McCloskey 

Ellenor Frederick 

Eugene Crittenden 

M. J. Gilbert 

Howard E. Parsons 

Clinton Rich 

Helen C. Wood 

Harold Wescott 

Vera Eloise Thompson 

Ralph H. Carpenter 

Alice Lansing 

Franklin Austin 

Enid Loomis 

Harold R. Lang 

Asa H. Wood 

Almon V. Vedder 

Lucile Meyer 

Kenneth Artley 

Reagent bottles on the shelf, 
Some shining test tubes in a row, 
A Kipp. a Bunson, balance true, 
And a casserole or so ; 

A funnel, filter paper too. 

Some strips of litmus red and blue, 

Good reference books and a box unknown — 

This is the Chemist's home — sweet — home. 


Catholic Students' Club 

About seven years ago an organization was established composed of the 
CathoHc students of the Normal College and Cleary College. This was known 
as the Catholic Students' Club. It now has a membership of about eighty-five. 

Informal meetings are held at the Catholic Club Rooms twice a month. 
There are alternate social and business meetings. At the social meetings 
informal talks and addresses are given by members of the faculty and other 
worth while men and women. 

The club is governed by a simple constitution and is maintained by moderate 
dues. Its purpose was to bring the students together socially to be able to 
appreciate the best, and to have a realization of possibilities and responsibilities. 

The faculty members are its patrons and patronesses, and it has been through 
their kindness and their ever-ready and ever-helpful advice that the club has 
flourished and become the organization that it has. 

These advisors are : 

Miss Elizabeth McCrickett 
Miss Ethel McCrickett 
Miss Ellen Dwyer 
Miss Elinor Strafer 

Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Steimle 
Miss Florence Kelly 
Mrs. A. G. Erickson 
Miss Mary McDermott 

The presiding officers are : 
Genevieve Nulan 
Ella Mae Dacey 
C. P. Steimle 


Grafts Club 

Indvistrial Arts Department 
Established 1!»T1 


Miss Alice I. Boardman Miss Mary E. Hatton 

Miss Belle Morrison 



Grace W'ieland 

Martha Garbe .... 
Esther Harsh .... 

. Treasurer 


Irene Chinnock 
Hazel Chalice 
Mary Delaforce 
Martha Garbe 
Thela Granger 
Esther Harsh 
Alein Holmquist 

Grace Wieland 

Mildred Moore 
Mae McLaren 
Marie Rouna 
Esther Sturm 
Cora Van de Walker 
Mildred Wilcox 
Wilma Willoughby 



Gamp Fire Girls 

Mabel P. Bacon, Guardian 

Dorothy Adams 

Hilda MacDougall 

Edna Anderson 

Geraldine MacMillan 

Meta Baker 

Elizabeth Marston 

Annetta Benson 

Martha McGill 

Katherine Benson 

Hazel Mears 

Myra Booth 

Shirley Miller 

Florene Brooks 

Bernice Nelson 

Dorothea Buttolph 

Pernella Nelson 

Hilda Carroll 

Crescence PauU 

Mabel Chambers 

Helen Phelps 

Marie Louise Christopher 

Delta Plowfield 

Leota Cooley 

Ruth Potter 

Muriel Corey 

Alma Reisig 

Nydia Curnow 

Alice Roscoe 

Blanche Davis 

Flora Schoepper 

Mamie Denison 

Sena Schrier 

Margaret DeRuiter 

Helen Shaver 

Hazel Edwards 

Phoebe Sherman 

Helen Edwards 

Thella Sibray 

Waive Erickson 

Hazel Sorensen 

Elizabeth Frasher 

Mabel Stanhope 

Charlotte Fry 

Alvena Streng 

LaVange Gary 

Florence Suobanki 

Glenaldine Hall 

Irene Thompson 

Margaret Hanna 

Lucile Thornton 

Mildred Hart 

Mabel Van Vleet 

Dorothy Hill 

Barbara Walker 

Marguerite Hill 

Venus Walker 

Alta Horton 

Florence Warren 

Alma Jehnzen 

Josephine Westcott 

Edith Johnson 

Milma Wickstrom 

Zelma Jones 

Agnes Wilbur 

Dorothy Kenyon 

Marguerite Williams 

Sadie Kile 

Esther Wilson 

Enid Loomis 

Lillian Wolfeil 


Commercial Teachers' Club 

The Commercial Teachers' Club is a group of seventy-one enthusiastic students of 
Cleary College and the Michigan State Normal College. The club has a constitution, elects 
officers quarterly, and hold semi-monthly meetings, partly social and partly business, regu- 

The members discuss subjects which bear directly and indirectly upon their future 
work, and in general strive to promote social activities and to produce a deeper and better 
college spirit. 


First Term 

Gladys Arnold ......... President 

Doris Culkins . Vice-President 

Winona Scranton ........ Secretary 

John Crampton Treasurer 

Second Term 

John Crampton 


Doris Woodward 


William Cronenwett 


Edna Delaforce 



Gladys Arnold 

Cecile Houck 

Gladys Grams 

Louise Behnke 

Mable Huston 

Doris Greene 

Lottie Bissell 

Ivah Huston 

Dennis Janousek 

Wynetto Brotherton 

Vera Keylon 

Margaret McKenney 

Grace Burton 

Alice Kline 

Clarence Miller 

Gertrude Buttolph 

Lexie Lester 

Lucile Parkinson 

Frances Button 

Helen McCalla 

Isabcllc Philips 

Ow^en Cleary 

Eleanor McCall 

Winonri. Scranton 

Hazel Coover 

Helen McCall 

Edith Sailer 

Doris Culkins 

Ella Maxwell 

Hazel Schall 

Julia Cochran 

Helen Oliver 

Glady s Schenk 

Marjorie Congdon 

Helen Phelps 

Georgiana Schlappi 

John Crampton 

Fay Rouse 

Catherine Shea 

Margaret Crittenden 

Leo Roach 

Helen Schutt 

William Cronenwett 

Rombna Wright 

Dorothy Snow 

Jane Cummin 

Mildred Wallace 

Luella Sturm 

Hulda Daeubler 

Vera Wallington 

Ethel Stiles 

Edna Delaforce 

Edith White 

Dorothea Strong 

Leland Dickerson 

Esther Wilson 

Frances Thompson 

Etta Duval 

Cecile Wilson 

Doris Vincent 

Hildredth Foster 

Doris Woodward 

Marion Vincent 

Miriam Fritz 

Rhniia Gayleard 

Homer West 

Nettie Fay 

Barbara Walker 

Sarah Helmick 

He'en Flynn 





. Dr. C. O. Hoyt 


. Mrs.. C. O. Hoyt 



. Beatrice Carr 


. Grace Nichols 



. Jean McKenzie 


Arnold, Gladys M. 

Hilton, Doris M. 

Reid, Irene 

Anderson, Florence 

Hodges, Genevieve 

Robinson, Maude 

Brotherton, Wynnetto 

Hoffman, Ora 

Roscoe, Alice 

Burk, Lucile 

Holinquist, Alein 

Rose, Hazel 

Chapin, Hazel 

Horton, Alta 

Schink, Gladys 

Christopher, Mary Louise 

Kimpton, Laura E. 

Stanley, Helen 

Conrad, Emma 

Lansing, Alice L. 

Stock, Lelia 

Cooley, Leota M. 

Lathrop, Helen 

Taylor, Maude E. 

Corliss, Marjorie 

Lewis, Agnes 

Thomas, Wilma 

Cosier, Laila N. 

McLaughlin, Eileen 

Thompson, Vera Eloise 

Davis, Beatrice 

Meier, Gladys 

Van Horn, Irene 

Delaforce, Florence 

Miller, Shirley R. 

Weeks, Marjorie 

Edwards, Hazel 

Minnie, Thelma J. 

Weeks, Margaret 

Erickson, Elsie A. 

Parr, Kathleen M. 

Welch, Dora L. 

Erickson, Olga B. 

Parr, Nellie 

Welloughby, Wilma 

Fulelt, Hildegarde 

Pettit, Irvena 

White, Mame 

Hall, Glenadine 

Placeway, Carolyn 

Wilson, Cecile 


Euclidean Society 

LuciLE R. Meyer 
Doris Butler 
John Em ens 
Marion McLean 


Professor Jane Matteson Inez Selesky 

Professor E. A. Lyman Helen Farley 

Professor Ada Norton 

. President 
. Secretary 
. Treasurer 


Edna Beachuni 

Marion McLean 

Doris Butler 

Lucile Meyer 

Thelma Boughton 

Hazel Mears 

Dorothy Drouyer 

Josephine Nelson 

Ralph Carpenter 

Etta Reid 

John Emens 

John Reynolds 

Mae Friedenberg 

Marie Saleska 

Lucile Garbe 

Mary Scovill 

Ula Hudson 

Coral Sibilsky 

Louise Hunter 

Alvena Streng 

M. E. Erwin 

Vera Thompson 

Theresa Taylor 


Ferris Institute Club 


Professor Chas. M. Elliott Geo. W. Collins 

Jesse W. Crandall 


Asa Wood 

Pearl C. Bigge . . 
Robert Christenson . . . 
Manley E. Irwin . . . 


Grover C. Baker 

Robert Christenson 

Pearl C. Bigge 

E. Louise Hiar 

Paul V. Sangren 

Pauline Davison 

Floyd Smith 

Mrs. McLaren 

Asa Wood 

Manley E'. Irwin 

Paul Singleton 

Carrie Johnson 

Linda Yageman 

Margaret Lange 

Irma Hiar 

Ethel Carnahan 

Pheme Campbell 

L. Eliouse Morey 

Millie Ernst 

Elizabeth Frasher 

Betty Whittaker 

Alma Jehnzen 

C. VanAndel 

Miss Metcalf 

Miss Gilbert 

Nellie L. Holbrook 

Ethel Maltas 

. President 
. Secretary 
. Treasurer 


Girls' Friendly Society 

St. Luke's Girls' Friendly Society, composed chiefly of Normal students was 
organized in IDOT. 

The first society in America was established in 1883 modeled after and in 
alliance with the Girls' Friendly Society of England, Ireland and Scotland. This 
society has had a rapid growth and now has branches in most of the leading 
cities of this country with about twenty thousand members. 

Miss Li da Clark Miss Gertrude Phelps 

Miss Mabel Wombaugh 

Miss Ora Wilcox Miss Allisox 


Gladys Porter President 

Marjorie Sweet . . . . . . Vice-President 

Catherine Hogan . . . . . . . Secretary 

Cora Coldren Treasurer 


Helen Austin 

Flora Sanders Jones 

Margaret Brown 

Hortense Lewis 

Garcia Carroll 

Ruth Lewis 

Cora Coldren 

Flora Mumford 

Esther Eldred 

Gladys McDonell 

Gladys Eldridge 

Gladys Porter 

Lucile Garbe 

Elizabeth Roberts 

Catherine Hogan 

Eva Te Paske 

Norma Hertzig 

Marjorie Sweet 

Mabel Houstin 

Elizabeth Stevens 


Genesee County Club 

Faculty IMeniber Miss Phelps 

Eleanor Acheson 

Alma Gault 

Isabella Bryce 

Gussie Harris 

Robert Benford 

Gladys Hill 

Marion Brancb 

W illiam Johnson 

Tbelma Boughton 

Violet Lown 

Gladys Brooks 

Dulah Long 

Gladys Ball 

Mary Long 

Libbie Crawford 

Belle O'Brien 

Cliif ord Crane 

Isabelle Robb 

Mona Bell De Vinny 

Ethel Rice 

Rowena Enders 

Helen Youells 

Esther Feeley 

The Genesee County Club has had an interesting and helpful year, the climax 
of which was reached when, combining with the Lenawee County Club, a party 
was given in the gymnasium, March 13. Several delightful social evenings have 
been spent in the county headquarters in the Science Building, and during the 
spring term early breakfasts and suppers have been enjoyed on the Campus. 



The club was organized on March 18, 1919, under the leadership of Professor 

Its purpose is to cultivate an acquaintance and a spirit of co-operation 
between students from Ingham county. For always there is an underlying tie 
of friendship that binds college brothers and sisters from a certain vicinity into 
a union of which this is a true example. 

And may this page that shall always be remembered with pride and satisfac- 
tion by the members of this club, be a light of encouragement to others from this 
section, so that they shall come here and give their best to the ^Michigan State 
Normal College. 

Patron . Professor H. C. Lott 


Theodore S. Schaadt 


Marion Sandborn 


Mildred Wilcox 


Clarence Miller 



Myrna Adams 
Mrs. Myrtle Amrin 

Eileen McLaughlin 

Florence Brown 
Georgia Burwell 
Wynetto Brotherton 

Gladys Arnold 
Helen Bohnet 

Hazel Mears 
Hilda Menger 
Lorna Metcalf 
Grace Nichols 
Leola Otis 

Marion Curtis 
Cynthia Dodge 
Kathleen Foote 
Hazel French 

Marie Saleska 
Francis Smith 

Margaret Taylor 
Josephine Townsend 

Katherine GriflSth 
Glenadine Hall 
Helen Hitchcock 
Ula Hudson 
Grace Lock 

T. O. Gaylord 

Cleora Tuttle 
\\'arren ^^'ebb 
Dora Welch 

Homer ^^"est 
Grace Wieland 
Alice \\'olcott 
Nettie Fav 


Frances Shanks 


LuciLE Miller 


Mary Kathryn Clevenger 


Ethel Sharp 


Home Economics Club 

The Home Economics Club has had a most interesting year. The club 
meetings, which have been held twice a month in the Home Economics Rooms, 
have been more or less social in nature. Various informal parties have been 
given by the club, the Freshmen, Sophomores, Juniors and Seniors acting in 
turn as hostesses. 

The club assumed the responsibility of hemming table, linen and towels 
needed to replenish the linen closet of the department. The afternoons when 
this work was done a committee served a supper at cost, which afforded oppor- 
tunity for a social hour. The meetings have been so planned as to give the 
members experience which will enable them to meet social obligations satisfac- 
torily in after years. 

Since the war the club has been supporting a French orphan, and to raise 
the money the girls have resorted to various means, such as the sale of baked 
goods and the serving of teas and luncheons at moderate prices. 

The activities of the club have been the means of strengthening the splendid 
feeling of comradeship existing among the girls and bringing them into a closer 
co-operation with the faculty. One could not have attended these meetings 
without a deeper interest in the department and all that it stands for. 


History Club 

Patron Carl E. Pray 

Colors — Red, White and Blue. 
Emblem^ — The American Flag. 


Alice King President 

WiNNiFRED Shattuck ..... Vice-President 
Nelle Maddaugh ..... Secretary-Treasurer 

The History Club was organized in the fall of 1913 under the patronage of 
Professor Pray. In the fall of 1911), the club for the first time admitted students 
who were minoring in history. 

The purpose of the club is to arouse interest and develop enthusiasm in the 
work, and to bring the members, students and faculty, of the History Depart- 
ment into closer relationship with each other. During the past year, current event 
topics have been discussed and a few personal experience talks have been given 
by members of the club who served in the World War. 

To Professor Pray, the club owes much for his interest and untiring efforts 
to make the meetings successful. 

Helga Beck 

Nelle Maddaugh 

Ray Binns 

Lorna MacKellar 

Marion Branch 

Isca McClaughry 

James Breakey 

Beryl McCory 

Mariam Buckrell 

Marion McConnell 

Mildred Bull 

Hazel Mears 

Loretta Cannon 

Gladys Nason 

Gladys Cairns 

Grace Nichols 

Bessie Conrad 

Mildred Powelson 

Leo Duvall 

Gertrude Phillipps 

William Durance 

Marcia Rentfrou 

Marion Denison 

Ruth Potter 

Myrtle Dill 

Violet Ramshaw 

Gertrude Dooling 

Lucy Rogers 

Helen Ferris 

(iail Rininger 

Burns Fuller 

Ruth Schultz 

May Graham 

Winnifred Shattuck 

Gladys Hixson 

Robert Speer 

Marguerite Hill 

Lorraine Subtle 

Esther Imonen 

Hazel Underbill 

Velera Keller 

Ella Von Sprecken 

Alice King 

Olive W'aggoner 

Sarah Lamb 

Florence Warmer 


Evelyn Ward . President 

Mildred Taylor . .- . . . _ Vice-President 

Lucille Woodward Secretary 

Martha Johnson Treasurer 


Kindergarten Club 

Commencement day of the year of nineteen twenty marks the first decade in 
the history of the Kindergarten Ckib. It began its existence as an organization 
or. May tenth, ninteen hundred and ten with the following officers: President, 
Mary Bierkamp; Vice-President, Daphne Nauman ; Secretary, Margaret 
McCarroll ; Treasurer, Sara Lewis. Miss Lewis is now a faculty member of 
the Kindergarten Department. On November 23 of the same year Kindergarten 
rings were selected. Each successive class on attaining the dignity of 
Sophomore-ship has also gained the much-coveted Kindergarten ring. 

The aim of the Kindergarten Club socially has been the establishment of 
closer bonds between Freshmen and Sophomore girls of the department as well 
as just the very human aim of a good time generally. The club has endeavored 
during each year to give some practical help to Kindergartens or some other 
phase of children's work. 

The year of 1919-20 has, in many ways been a memorable year for the club. 
Early in the year the Sophomore girls entertained the Freshmen girls at a tea 
that they might drown their homesickness at once in the joys of a Kindergarten 
tea-party. Another very pleasant occasion was the annual Valentine party at 
which we danced, played games, ate, and were merry. 

During the fall term we were very fortunate in having the opportunity of 
hearing Mrs. Johnson, whose experimental school at Fairhope, Alabama, has 
attracted nation-wide notice. After the talk we enjoyed a closer acquaintance 
with Mrs. Johnson at an informal tea. 

On January 13, Ypsilanti had a rare treat when she listened to Edgar A. 
Guest, who, responding to the Club's invitation, brought to us a bit of life's 
every-day philosophy. The proceeds of the evening made the Kindergarten 
purse so heavy that $25.00 was given at once to the three Kindergartens in 
Ypsilanti that they might be equipped for even greater service to childhood. 

For two years the club has supported a French orphan, Guy Hallet. It was 
decided to continue the support of little Guy another year. At Christmas time 
he was made happy with one of Ypsilanti's stufifed animals from the Sells 
Manufacturing Company. One stufifed animal was also sent to the Kindergarten 
at Huchow, China. This Kindergarten was partially equipped by a former 
Kindergarten class. The club has divided its members into groups for story- 
telling and handwork in the children's hospital in Ann Arbor, and their work 
has been greatly appreciated. 

We heartily agree with Michigan's motto, "Si quaeres penisulam amoenam 
circiimspice," but we also believe that if yovi want to see a happy bunch, look 
at us. 



Laonian Drama Society 

The Laonian Drama Society was organized in 1913 under the patronage of 
Professor Abigail Pearce. The purpose of the society is to promote interest in, 
and study of modern dramatic literature. During the year three one-act plays 
have been given by members of the society. In the fall "Ici on parle Francaue" 
was staged in the organ room before the members and their friends. During 
the winter "An Interrupted Proposal," and "Not a Man in the House" were 
put on by the Freshman members. The organization hopes to greatly increase 
its activities along these lines in the future. 


Professor Abigail Pearce 


Bernice Moore 
Irene Smith 
Mildred Bull 
Helen Bliss 

. Vice-President 
. Reporter 


Gladys Bell 
Helen Bliss 
Mildred Bull 
Frances Caldwell 
Flora Clute 
Ella Mae Dacey 
Helen Farley 
Mae Fredenburg 
Doris Hilton 
Freda Lehmann 

Leora McCloskey 
Irma Meier 
Onahbelle Millard 
Thelma Minnie 
Bernice Moore 
Kathleen Parr 
Irene Smith 
Alvena Streng 
Theresa Taylor 
Marguerite Wade 



Minerva Literary Society 


The good old Minerva, I hailed as a treasure, 

When, a freshman, I entered its portals of gold, 
I found it a source of an exquisite pleasure 

The purest and sweetest that Normal can hold. 
And truly I loved it with heart over-flowing, 

Its pleasures and friendships I never would sell, 
But soon I must leave it, from Normal I'm going. 

So farewell, Minerva, we all love thee well. 
Our good old Minerva, the life of our school days, 

Our own dear Minerva, we all love thee well. 

Colors — Purple and Gold. • 

EsTELLE Downing Vjnora Beal 


Florence Roberts 
Marion - McLean 
Hazel Eppens 
Lucile Meyer 
Mary Scovill 

Beatrice Ashley 
Grace Bradock 
Myra Bullard 
Wanda Crawford 
.Margaret Engels 
Hazel Eppens 
Hildreth Foster 
Ethel Hedrick 
Lulua LaRose 
Bertha Lewis 
Lucile Meyer 

. President 
. Treasurer 
. Reporter 


Marion McLean 
Doris O'Rourke 
Hilda Reeves 
Florence Roberts 
Helen Roth 
Mary Scovill 
Ruth Stewart 
Edna Snyder 
Ruth Thomas 
Frances Wilson 
Ada Witt 



Qui se ressemble, s'assemble. 

Dr. R. C. Ford Miss Johaxxa Alpermax 

Miss Ellen Dwyer 


President ........ Ruth Fidler 

Secretary and Treasurer .... Marc.aret W vckoff 


Ruth Bartlett 

Bernice Marks 

Muriel Brusie 

Eleanor McCall 

Audrey Bird 

I sea McClaughry 

Frances Caldwell 

Esther McFarlane 

Mary Case 

Mary Moffet 

Flora Clute 

Genevieve Nulan 

Cora Caldren 

Ruth Mills 

Joyce Durfee 

Burdene Otto 

John Emens 

Margaret Peet 

Ruth Fidler 

Irene Ross 

Harriet Gagnon 

x\lice Roscoe 

Frances Gee 

Mary Saettel 

Edith Hackman 

Inez Selesky 

Antonia Hernandez 

Mary Scovill 

Gladys Hill 

Grace Simmons 

Ellen Hopkins 

Robert Speer 

Louise Hunter 

Ella Von Sprecken 

Violet Jones 

Marjorie Sweet 

Helen Lathers 

Marjorie Wilber 

Mable Mair 

Dorothy Wilson 

Margaret \\VckoiT 


Irvin W. Kinney President 

Robert K. Speer Vice-President 

Otto Jens Secretary-Treasurer 

The Men's Union was first organized in 1914, but was allowed to lapse dur- 
ing the years of the war. This year, however, the Union has been entirely re- 
organized and is rapidly becoming an organization of real value to the college. 
The Union has conducted several successful All-Men-Get-Togethers during the 
year and has inaugurated a series of bimonthly dances for college men only in 
an attempt to provide a substitute on the campus for the usual week-end public 
dances patronized by the students. During the Basketball Tournament the 
Executive Committee did valuable work in providing housing and entertainment 
for the visiting teams. 

Perhaps the most noteworthy work of the Union lies in the "More-Men- 
Movement" — an attempt to bring the special advantages that the Normal has to 
of¥er to men to the attention of this year's high school graduates. A booklet is 
being planned that will be placed in the hands of every boy who graduates from 
high school in Michigan this year. 

The Union hopes for a large increase in the male enrollment at the Normal 
for the coming year and a consequent increase in its activities and duties. 


Natural Science Club 

"To know that which around us Hes in daily life 

is prime Wisdom." 


Eunice Niblick 


Martha Best 

Veva McAtee 

. . . . Secretary -Treasurer 

Genieva Smith 

Prof. Sherzer 

Faculty Advisor 


Marion Gilbert 

Ruth Bl own 

Helen Howarth 

Eleanor Carr 

Zadia Brown 

Millie Earnest 

Marjorie Dean 

Josina Jones 

Rosiland Brooker 

John Reynolds 

Marie Gopplet 

Xetta Baker 

George Kapnick 

Thelma Boughton 

Bernice Newcomb 

Hazel Eppens 

Doris Fox 

Marie Foote 

Marie Ingall 

Ethel Carnahan 

Gertrude Poucher 

Velera Keller 

Helen Cudney 

Charlotte Price 

Doris Wilson 

Rhoda Croninger 

Hazel French 

Jessie Smith 

Ulah Hudson 

Mary Long 

Florine Brooks 

Mary A. Goddard 

H. R. Laing 

Bertram G. Smith 

Lucy Foley 

Jessie Phelps 

J. M. Hoover 


Normal News Staff 

Arold W. Brown — Managing Editor. 
Raye Platt Gladys Cairns Gregory McCloskey 

Helen N. Farley Harold Laing Bessie Beaubier 

Carl Bean AIarton McConnell 

Norman Pohl— Advertising Manager. 



Normal Art Club 


The purpose of the Art Club of the Michigan State Normal College is to 
promote scholarship, as it is organized on an honorary basis ; to create a social 
spirit among the members ; to act as an advisory body for the Junior specializing 
students ; and to further an interest in all branches of Art study. 

Miss Bertha Goodison Miss Lida Clark 


Miss Elinor Strafer 
Miss Mary Hatton 

[iss Lota Garner 
[iss Florence Cooper 

Edna Snyder 
Cynthia Dodge 
Hazel Lankton 


Acting President 
. Secretary 
. Treasurer 


Bessie Beaubier 
Pearl Nicolson 
Orpha Dolph 
Gladys Meier 
Florence Roberts 
Helen Hitchcock 

Dorothy Kalmbach 
Antonia Hernandez 
Lucille Garber 
Genevieve Breining 
Aileen Holmquist 
Grace Bemis 



Normal Choir 

Frederick Alexander, Conductor 

Normal Choir ranks as one of the greatest choruses singing alia cappella 
music in the United States. Under their distinguished conductor, during recent 
years they have been presenting a repertoire of rarely heard masterpieces, as 
remarkable for variety as for superb quality, selected from the literature of 
many nations, in all ages. Noted musical scholars from the east who have heard 
Normal Choir sing in Pease Auditorium and elsewhere have paid them enthusi- 
astic tributes. The choir has been honored at various times by invitations to 
sing in Detroit, under the patronage of the Society of Arts and Crafts and other 
organizations. On these visits they have sung at St. Paul's Cathedral, the 
Detroit Art Museum, the Little Theatre of the Society of Arts and Crafts, and 
in the North Woodward Ave. Congregational Church. 

Normal Choir is most famous for the beautiful atmosphere and exquisite 
charm of its annual program of Christmas music. In 1919, in addition to the 
concert in Ypsilanti, the program was sung twice at the North Woodward Ave. 
Congregational Church, Detroit, and once at St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, 
Ann Arbor, a building of modified English type, where an appropriate setting 
was found for this incomparable music. 

Professor Alexander has been appointed Head of the Department of Music 
at Berkeley, Cal., for the Summer Sessions, 1919 and 1920, of the University of 
California. Apropos his choral work there is the following appreciation quoted 
from "The Christian Science Monitor," Nov. 1, 1919: 

"To the University of California has come Frederick Alexander, Head of the 
Conservatory of Music, of the State Normal School of Michigan. The program 
given by his choir of summer session students aroused the enthusiasm of 
musicians about the Bay. There, on the stage of the Greek Theatre, the audience 
heard a choir of perhaps a hundred women, their eyes turned on a conductor 
who evoked the most delicate and exquisite gradations with the slightest move- 
ment of his hands. Choir and leader shone with exaltation: they enjoyed, they 
understood, they played together, utterly unconscious of themselves or audience." 

Constance Smedley Armfield. 

Author of the Pageant : "Miriam, The Sister of Moses." 



Physical Education Club 


Mr. W. p. Bowen 
Miss Anna Wolfe 
Miss Bacon 
Miss Lera Curtis 
Mr. Elton Rynearson 

Mrs. Fannie Burton 
Miss Cloe Todd 
Mrs. Glenadine Snow 
Miss Irene Clark 


Beula Bently 

Helen Hirt 

Mabel Chambers 

Louise Bacon 

Margaret Ellis 

Dorothy Grant 

Mildred Smith 

Sophia Jacobson 

Clara Bauer 

Florence Myer 

Lillian Brede 

Evelyn Hoch 

Lorraine Heath 

Laura Sauer 

Fannie Mersman 

Harriet Wilson 

Milma Wickstrom 

Francis Barnum 

Philomene Richardson 

Ruth Corey 

Marion Bard 

Lelia Stock 

Mildred Smith 

Dorothy Sharphorn 

Katherine Cameron 

Hazel Edwards 

Glendaldine Hall 

Anna Horn 

Mary Louise Christopher 

Dora Mosses 

Gussie Harris 

Alma Reisig 

Margaret Lanee 

Agnes Webber 

Ruth Reiman 

Ethel Chatfield 

Barbara Walker 

Gertrude Freed 

Myrtle Berry 

Merney Tames 

Eunice Downing 

Helen Whitmore 

Lottie Hirsh 

Sarah Jane Dodge 

Donna Olsen 

Katherine Moffat 

Beulah Walker 

Ruby Patterson 

Hilda McDougall 

Vera Stewart 

Gertrude Moore 

Venus Walker 

Phoebe Sherman 

Leota Cooley 

Irene Thompson 

Aileen Driscoll 

Marie Woodruff 

Alvena Fry 

Blanche Davis 

Virginia Paton 

Doris Ewing 

Katherine Thomasma 

Dorothy Fulton 

Allan Morris 

Helen Shaver 

Roland Drake 

Alyne Wegman 

William Johnson 

Leslie Coatta 

Frank Lee 

Boyd Williams 

William Hansor 

Wayne Kinney 

Donold Drake 

Arthur Walker 

Clifford Crane 

Lyle Goodrich 

Edward Shadford 

Clarence R. Fuller 

Herbert Cooney 

E. R. Quinn 

Harold Osburn 

George Tomlinson 

Earl Webb 

Dorothy Buttolph 

Roy Webb 

Hazel Chapin 

Benjamin Hellenberg 

Cecil Roth 


Portia Literary Society 

The Portia Literary Society, with the same ideals that characterized Portia 
of Belmont, has proceeded with a most worth-while series of meetings through- 
out the year. The programs have been not only interesting and pleasing, but 
also decidedly profitable. Looking forward at the beginning of the year to the 
study of the ancient Greek tragedies of Sophocles and Euripides, the members 
had a feeling of curiosity concerning the origin, development, and form of the 
drama itself. Now they look back upon the year's work with a satisfaction that 
comes to those who have labored not in vain. The value of having this general 
information, together with that which has come from the study of such plays as 
Trojan Women, Medea, Oedipus the King, and Helen, is even now immeasur- 
able. In the future, however, as work is continued in literature and mythology, 
its value will be still more definitely realized and likewise found to be truly 


Dr. Blount 

Miss Estabrook Rankin 


Winifred Davis 


Esther MacFarlane 

Alice King 
Gladys Cairns 
Margaret Stone 
Rosalind Smalley 
Marcia Rentfrow 
Dorothy Leitch 
Marion Blakeley 
Marion McConnell 
Gladys McDonnell 
Marjorie W^ilber 
Eva Moore 
Mary Saettel 

Myrtle Rabey 
Pauline Weiss 
Helen Phelps 
Irene Smith 
Greta Quick 
Joyce Durfee 

Margaret Young 
Elizabeth Merrell 

Ruth Mills 

Violet Ramshaw 

Daisy Mills 

Rose Fearron 



Miss Foster Miss Green 

Miss Blomgren 


President ....... Gladys C. ^Ieier 

Secretary-Treasurer Cvxthia Dodge 


Eunice Northup Dorothy Kalmbach 

Genevieve Breining Edith Colhster 

Gladys Meier Cynthia Dodge 


The Sorority Council 

The Sorority Council was organized in 1915 by a common feeling among the sororities 
on the campus for the need of such an organization. The Council is composed of the 
president, a faculty member, and a freshman member of each sorority. The offices are 
filled by the presidents of the sororities, rotating according to their age of existence at 
M. S. N. C. 

Last year, due to the upset conditions caused b^- the war, the work lapsed. But begin- 
ning with a very successful meeting at the opening of the fall term in 1919 the Council 
has made great progress this year in the way of formulating general rules for rushing and 
also fixing the standard for scholarship required for membership in every sorority. 

There are great possibilities ahead for the Council to become a valuable, helpful agent 
in campus life, and although the present accomplishments may seem meager, they are merely 
stepping stones to ones of greater service to the school. 

Dean Bessie Leach Priddy 


President ..... 
Vice-President . . . . 


Miss Mary B. Putnam 
Ellen Hopkins 
Eva Burns 


Miss Alice Boardman 
Mozella Galloway 


Miss Ella Wilson 
Cynthia Dodge 


Miss Susan Stinson 
Olive Waggoner 
Helen Eberly 


Mrs. Carl Lindegren 
Gladys Cairns 

KAPPA PS I— 1901 

Miss Mary E. Hatton 
Bernice Day Moore 
lean McCue 

Bernice Day Moore 
Opal Hillier 
Alvena Streng 


Miss Mary McDermott 
Opal Hillier 
Lillian Clifford 

DELTA PHI— 1909 
Mrs. C O. Hoyt 
Alvena Streng 
Edna Mather 

Miss Mabel Wombaugh 
Esther MacFarlane 
Winifred Shattuck 


Miss Estabrook Rankin 
Grace Simmons 
Katherine Staplcton 


Miss Sara Lewis 
Ethel Barber 
Barbara Walker 

MU DELTA— 1914 
Mrs. J. W. Crandall 
Winifred Doig 


Miss Chloe Todd 
Frances Holland 
Helen Bohnet 



Student Council, 1919-1920 

Arold Brown 
(Normal News) 

Asa Wood 


Joyce Durfee 

Dorothy Sharphorn 
Y. W. C. A. 

Kenneth Artley 

Mary Case, President 

Y. M. C. A. 

Francis Shanks, Secretary Paul Sangren, Treasurer 



Irwin Kenney 
Men's Union 

Floyd Smith 

Doris Butler 

Inez Selesky 

Venus Walker 

Ralph Carpenter 

Grover Baker 
Y. W. C. A. 

LuciLE Garber 

John Emens 

Walter Lathers 

Grace Simmons 
\\'omen's League 

Leslie Coatta 

William Johnson 


Sodalitas Latina 


Isabella Bryce President 

Esther Siple ....... Vice-President 

Natalie Knapp Secretary 

Paul Sampson , Treasurer 



Ruth Jeffries 
Violet Jones 

Abbie Balgooyen 
Audrey Bird 
Razna Bradley 
Marion Branch 

Isabella Bryce 
Cora Coldron 
Martha Dill 
Richard Ford 

Natalie Knapp 

Myrtle Gansley 

Helen Lathers 
Hazel Meyers 
Thelma Minnie 
Ruth Potter 
Alice Roscoe 
Irene Ross 
Paul Sampson 
Elizabeth Seebeck 
Helen Shaver 
Esther Siple 
Elizabeth Stearns 
Dorothy Wilson 

Margaret Wyckoff 

The Sodalitas Latina was organized in '19 for the purpose of preserving or 
awakening a love for the classics. The membership under the old constitution 
was limited to Latin students only ; but a new constitution has been found 
necessary and vmder it any one who cares to may join. 

The interests of the present day absorb our attention and our time so deeply 
that we forget, perhaps, that there are fully as many attractive things about the 
life of other days. In the meetings of the club many interesting phases of 
ancient life have been revealed and the programs have been of great value. 
Among the special features of the year are a play and a Roman banquet. Last 
year the only play given was the "Roman School" in the Komedy ; but this year, 
in addition to that performance, the play Andromeda has been given. The 
Roman banquet is attended in togas and is conducted in strict accordance with 
the old custom save that we have not attempted the combination of reclining and 


Frances E. Willard Debating Club 

In January, li)19, under the direction of Professor J. Stuart Lathers, the 
Frances E. Willard Debating Club was organized. This is the second debating 
club to be organized for the women of the Michigan State Normal College, the 
other being the Wodeso organized in 1915. In February, 1919, Professor F. B. 
McKay took charge of the club and is now its faculty critic. 

The purpose of the club is to study and debate some of the live important 
questions of the day of national, local, and state interest. The club has grown 
rapidly and has several times debated with the Wodeso Club. At the last 
meeting of the year 1920, a picture was presented to the Normal College by the 



Professor F. B. McKay 


Carrie Johnson 
Bertha Lewis 
Mrs. McClaren 
Alice Roscoe 
Bernice Steed 
Fannie Smith 
Irene Vanhorn 

Pearl Bigge 
Myra Bullard 
Ethel Carnahan 
W^anda Crawford 
Florence Delaforce 
Mamie Dennison 
Eleanor Fish 
Helen Howarth 
Agnes Hudson 

Marguerite Wade 
Grace Wallace 




The Wodeso was organized in 1915 for the purpose of promoting the art 
of debating and public speaking among the young women of the college. The 
first syllables of the three words, Woman's Debating Society, were chosen to 
make up the name by which the club should be known. Debates are held at its 
weekly meetings and current questions of national and local interest are 



Florence Brooks 


Martha McGill 


Victoria Steele 

Hazel Eppens 


Florence Anderson 
Florence Brooks 
Hazel Eppens 
Mae Fredenbvtrg 
Alvena Fry 
Marion Leete 
Bernice Marks 

Grace W^ertenberger 
Linda Yageman 

Martha McGih 
Marie Seleska 
Grace Simmons 
Victoria Steele 
Clara Walper 


The Women's League of the Michigan State 
Normal College 

Grace Simmons 

Leora McCloskey 

Ora Huffman' 
Secretary and Treasurer 

Thelma Minnie 
Orena Luxton 
Maude Rabinson 
Mary Saetell 
Dorthea Schmidt 
Edith Sailer 
Victoria Steele 
Milhe Ernst 
Josephine Whelan 
Louise Bacon 
Lera Curtis 

Marie Ronan 
Wildrene Andrus 
Rowena Enders 
Myra Bullard 
Alvena Streng 
Elizabeth Stearns 
Martha Sill 
Isabelle Beaton 

Dean Bessie Leach Priddy 
Miss Bertha G. Buell 
Miss Lida Clark 
Miss Estabrook Rankin 
Miss Ellen Dwyer 
Miss Anna Field 
Miss Jane Matteson 
Miss Marion Watson 


Frances Shanks 
Lyle Burling 
Loretta Blackney 
Eleanor McCall 
Leora McCloskey 
Thera Smiley 
Evelyn Hoch 
Beatrice Dunsmore 
Marion Bard 
Bernice Gilbert 
Rhoda Croniger 


Winona Scranton 
Germaine Ledwidge 
Flora Clute 
Catherine Cameron 
Edith Jorae 
Rose Boone 
Ethel Sharp 
Edith Brown 


Onabelle Millard 
Carol Smith 
Agnes Engstrom 
Dorothy Grant 
Mildred Smith 
Marion Buckrell 
Isabelle Philipps 
Marion Hosner 
Cornelia Hoffman 
Cynthia Dodge 
Josephine Nelson 

Mrs. McClaren 
Pernella Nelson 
Vera Thompson 
Marjorie Wilbur 
Belle Keefer 
Pearl Bigge 
Mrs. Woodbury 

Miss Elsie V. Andrews 
Miss Mary A. Goddard 
Miss Elizabeth G. McCrickett 
Miss Jennie Bell Alorrison 
Miss Johanna Alpermann 
Miss Alabel Bacon 
Miss Edith Adams 
Miss Harriet A. jMcKenzie 




The Women's League of the Michigan State College was organized in the 
fall of 1919. All registered women students and faculty women are members 
of this League. 

The roster on the opposite page constitutes the Central Board which 
discusses policies and presents them to the organization for ratification. 

There is a three-fold purpose of the organization, namely the promotion of 
helpful and congenial social relationships, co-operation in the regulation of 
college conventions, and better preparation for a greater life service. 

The Women's League provides for standing committees on campus lectures, 
social affairs, and out-of-town amusements. During the present year these 
committees have provided entertainment for students remaining in the city 
during the holidays ; have arranged for lectures of special interest to college 
women ; and have obtained and posted information relative to desirable lectures, 
concerts, and theatres available in Ann Arbor and Detroit, sometimes arranging 
for student excursions to these points. 

The Central Board has published a handbook giving general information on 
■campus customs and school organizations. 

A series of informal social events has been inaugurated under the auspices 
of the various house and district units. These gatherings promote social inter- 
course and assist in creating an atmosphere of co-operation. The League 
promises to train girls in parliamentary practice ; to give opportunities for 
developing leadership ; and to create a feeling of social solidarity among the 
women of the Normal College. 



Young Men's Christian Association 

Professor Henry C. Lott 


Grover C. Baker 
Floyd Smith 
Paul V. Sangren 
Eaton O. Bemis 
Robert Christenson 
Asa Wood 
Robert Benford 

. Treasurer 
. Devotional 


Dr. C. O. Hoyt 

L. Callahan 

Prof. Mark Jefferson 

A. Wood 

D. B. Lurkins 

P. V. Sangren 

W. H. Webb 

J. Reynolds 

M. E. Irwin 

G. C. Baker 

H. R. Laing 

F. Smith 

G. C. Kapnick 

R. Christenson 

H. E. West 

Avery Wood 

A. E. Moore 

A. Vedder 

A. B. Carr 

M. A. Kopka 

P. J. Singleton 

R. K. Speer 

L. E. DuVall 

A. W. Brown 

N. R. Anderson 

J. Crumley 

W. L. Johnson 

F. Scott 

Wm. Durance 

L. Eyler 

J. G. White 

D. Jonousek 

L. Wilks 

A. J. Roth 

J. Emens 

H. E. Parson 

C. L. Bean 

F. H. Austin 

E. O. Bemis 

R. Benford 

E. Jost 

E. P. Buchanan 



Y. W. G. A. of M. S. N. G. 

Gertrude C. Reading, General Secretary 

Mary C. Case President 

Catherine Hogan ...... Vice-President 

Leona Colegrove . • . . . . . . Secretary 

Jean Oliver . Treasurer 

Elizabeth R. Merrell Marjory Wilber 

Mary Saettel Olive Waggoner 

Kathleen Parr Flora McRae 

Bessie Beaubier Orena Luxton 

The present official year of the Young Woman's Christian Association has 
been one of activity and accomplishment, of which the Association may justly 
be proud. 

The first important event of the year was the May Morning Breakfast 
prepared by the committee under the direction of Miss Rankin, Faculty Advisor. 
Then came the Week-end Conference at Portage Lake. Here the new cabinet, 
the retiring cabinet, advisory board members and Miss Reading, the newly- 
elected general secretary, reviewed the work of the closing year and planned 
for future activities. 

In the summer, seven Y members attended the conference at Lake Geneva, 

The winter vacation brought the great Student Volunteer Movement Con- 
vention in Des Moines to which our college sent her full quota of fourteen 
delegates, among whom the Y. W. C. A. was well represented. 

There have been many other good things crowding the weeks — splendid 
addresses, special meetings, Kollege Komedy, S. C. A. reception, the "Hearty" 
party, pot-luck suppers, teas, and social evenings. The year has been unusual 
in the number of special workers and visitors. Among these was Miss Ting, 
native Y. W. C. A. secretary of Pekin, China, who brought a stirring message 
from the Y. W. girls of her land. The visit of Mrs. Helen Elgie Scott, on fur- 
lough from Japan, was of special interest as she was the first president of our 
Association and later its first general secretary. 

These are only glances at some of the most outstanding events, and do not 
reveal the eflfort required in building up the substantial foundations upon which 
the year's work rests. We confidently look towards the new year as one in 
which the Y. W. C. A. of M. S. N. C. shall achieve greater things than in the 
past year and shall more fully share with all girls of the campus the good times, 
the privileges, and the helpfulness for which the Y. W. has always stood. 



The Oratorical Association 

The activities of the Oratorical Association are under the direction of the Oratorical 
Board. This year's officers are as follows : President, Grover C. Baker ; Vice-President, 
Paul V. Sangren ; Secretary, Kathleen Parr ; Treasurer, Ralph Gallagher ; State Delegate, 
Merland Kopka ; Wodeso Representative, Florence Brooks ; Willard Representative, Grace 
Wallace; Lincoln Representative, Leo Callahan; Webster Representative, Edwin L. Clark; 
Freshman Representatives, May Graham, Norman Pohl ; Sophomore Representatives, 
Pearl Bigge, Charles Forsythe ; Degree Representatives, Elizabeth Merrell, Dan Herkimer ; 
Professor McKay, Faculty Representative. 

Last year's activities closed with the public awarding of college honors to those who 
had participated in the intercollegiate speaking events of 1918-1919. At the final assembly 
of students, June 18, 1919, the honor students were seated upon the platform with those 
who had participated in athletics for the year and in the course of an enthusiastic program, 
with President McKenney as presiding officer, the college gold medals were awarded to 
George E. Biggs, John B. Hubbard and Francis A. Threadgould in debate, and Belle Jones 
and Glen A. Hunt in oratory. Mention was made of the fact that seventh Annual Inter- 
pretative Reading Contest was won by Glen A. Hunt. This campus event constitutes a 
unique and fitting close to the platform activities for the year. 

This has been a year of recuperation from war conditions. At Christmas time the 
members of the Lincoln- Webster Club voted to reorganize the old clubs. The Switzer Cup 
again became the bone of contention. The Webster Club emerged from the debating finals 
two points ahead of their rivals and the trophy will become their permanent possession. 
Debating relations were again resumed with Hillsdale College, our former opponents, 
Indiana State Normal School not proving satisfactory, though it may be added that in 
our last debate with them on May 16, 1919, the Normal team scored the unanimous de- 
cision of the judges. It is a matter of general gratification that our debates with Hillsdale 
have always been conducted with good feeling. Our affirmative team, consisting of Norman 
Pohl, Arnold Brown and Ralph Gallagher, debated on the home platform, while the nega- 
tive team, composed of Robert K. Speer, Floyd Smith and Merland Kopka with Leo 
Duball as alternate, went to Hillsdale. The date was April 16th and the subject: "All 
inheritances in excess of $1,000,000 should revert to the federal government." The Normal 
teams secured victories in both debates. The Wodeso and Willard Debating Clubb 
have done enthusiastic work though no outside deliates have been taken on. 

In oratory we were represented in the state contest at Adrian by Charles E. Forsythe 
with his oration "The New America," and Pearl C. Bigge who spoke upon "The New 
Conflict." Each illustrated a strong type of public speaking and each was awarded fourth 

The Eighth Annual Interpretative Reading Contest held March 18th in the Little 
Theater. Miss Irene Van Horn was awarded the ten-dollar gold piece and Miss Bess 
LaBelle the five-dollar gold piece. 

Indications point to a strong freshman contest early in June. 

The varied activities of the Oratorical Association spell confidence and growth to the 
numerous students who avail themselves of its opportunities. 



J. Norman Pohl 
Paul Sangren, Alternate 
Ralph Gallagher 
Arold Brown 


Question — Resolved : That all inheritances in excess of one million dollars should 
revert to the Federal Government. 

Both decisions were awarded to M. S. N. C. by a two to one vote of the judiies. 


Robert K. Speer 
Merland a. Kopka 
Floyd Smith 
Leo E. DuVall, Alternate 


Lincoln Debating Club 

McKay, Pkof. F. B. 

La Gassey, Homek 

Christenson, Robert 

Rich, Clinton 

PoHL, Norman 
Hillsdale Debate Lainge, Harold 

Smith, Floyd 
Hillsdale Debate 

Austin, Franklin 

Brown, Arold 
Hillsdale Debate 

Callahan, Leo 
Representative cm 
Oratorical Board 

Gallagher, Ralph 
Hillsdale Debate 

Webb, Warren 
Webb, Roy 



Webster Debating Club 

Crossley. Valois E. 

(University of Michigan) 

Bemis. Eaton O. 

Childs, John Robert 

Clark, Edwin L. 

Oratorical Board Representative 

DuVall, Leo E. 

Vice-President, Alternate College Ora- 
tor, and Alternate Hillsdale Debate 

Emens, John R. 

FoRSYTHE, Charles E. 
College Orator 

Johnson, William L. 

Jose, Esteban 

Kapnick, George C. 

Koi'ka. Merlani) a. 

President, Hillsdale Debate 

Platt, Raye R. 

Roth, Adolph 

Secretary and Treasurer 

Sangren, Paul 

Hillsdale Debate 

Speer, Robert K. 
Hillsdale Debate 

Vedder, Almon 

WniTfi, John 

Wood, Asa 

Wood, Avery 

Zehner, Alex 


The New Conflict 

Michigan State Normal College 

Michigan Oratorical League Contest 
Adrian, Michigan, March 13, 1920. 

"The Present Age! In these brief words, what a world of thought 
is comprehended, what infinite movements; what jo\s and sorrows; 
what hope and despair ; what faith and doubt. . . what private and 
public revolutions. In the period through which many of us have 
passed, what thrones have been shaken ; what hearts have bled. ... It 
is an age never to be forgotten." . . ., How accurately do these words 
of the great Channing, spoken three-fourths of a century ago, charac- 
terize our own age. . . . Never have so many vital questions confronted 
a people. What doubts and fears clutch at the heart of all. regard- 
less of industrial position or social place. . . . Out of this turmoil 
what will result? Conditions are serious. Many are ready to offer 
suggestions based on the standards of the past. ... A few. too 
few, alas ! have caught the vision of the future and are striving to make it a reality. 

It was a similar vision that led our ancestors to these inhospitable shores. Fleeing from 
intolerance and oppression abroad, they came to make possible here what thej- believed to be 
freedom of action and equality of opportunity for all. Unbounded resources awaited them. 
. . . But as population increased and resources were exploited, factories, corporations, 
labor unions, and all our complex industrial organizations again brought in the old spirit of 
rivalry and strife. Today, America faces conditions similar to those from which our fathers 
fled. Capital abuses the power it has acquired. Labor, flushed with the victories it has 
gained during the war, is making impossible demands. . . . Organization is met by counter 
organization, charges by counter charges, until the ver^- foundations of our social structure 
are threatened. What is to be done? No one can deny that there is justice on both sides 
of the many disputed questions. Capitalists have amassed wealth at the expense of Labor. 
. . . But, on the other hand. Labor has shown the same selfish spirit. It has made 
unwarranted demands. ... If Labor would receive equal profit, it should be an equal 
participant in the loss as well. To arrive at any real understanding, both Capital and Labor 
must learn the great lesson of human fellowship, and meet half way. 

We must admit, too, that there is cause for social unrest. Many of the foreigners who 
come to us honestly seeking liberty and opportunity become Radicals; and why? They do 
not know us. They have not learned what true Americanism is. ... To them it means 
only fidelity to some party. . . . Can we wonder that they listen to the men who seem 
to understand them? We ask them to renounce their allegiance to their mother countn,-, 
and with perfect right ; but do we give them anything real, anything definite, concrete and 
comprehensible in return? Allegiance, to them, is not a matter of fact, but a matter of 
feeling, and do we give them anything to feel for? . . . Before we call men disloyal, let 
us be sure that they have proved unfaithful to a conscious trust. Their hearts are still over 
there. But teach them, touch them, inspire them, and they will be loyal to the core. . . . 

But our difficulties are not alone domestic. \\'e are no longer a New World. We are 
one of a great family of nations every one of which is confronted by the same vital problems 
and some by others more serious. England has left on the battlefields of France hundreds 


of thousands of her noblest men; Russia ... is tottering on the verge of ruin; Belgium 
. . . all but ga\e her life to sa\c her honor; France . . . lies torn and bleeding. . . . 
These countries have fought for us as well as for themselves and have suffered far more 
than we shall ever know. And now with the coming of peace we must together work out 
the great problem of reconstruction. . . . They need a friend to counsel and a strong and 
kindly hand to guide them. Whence must come such aid ? Is any country better qualified 
to assume this task than are we? . . . We entered the War to make the world safe for 
Democracy, the right and privilege of all the World, was reliorn. 

The supreme question before us and one which includes all domestic and international 
issues is that of infusing democracy with a new meaning. ... It was the idea of fellow- 
ship and brotherhood that stirred our hearts during the war. It was for the sake of 
humanity that thousands of our best and noblest men sacrificed their lives on foreign soil. 
As they left their beloved country, the statue of Liberty, holding aloft its gleaming torch, 
blessed their purpose and bade them "God Speed." Are we proving ourselves w'orthy of 
those boys, or will the finger of scorn and derision be directed toward us? Shall we 
disappoint those who have fixed their faith and trust in us? No! A thousand times, No! 
. . . How then shall we complete our victory? . . . We must, then, make Democracy 
more than a name. We must apply its principles to the solution of our domestic prolilems 
and to our international relations. Capital and Labor must learn to meet on the liroad 
ground of equality. . . . Nations must meet and treat on the same basis, with equal 
rights and privileges for large and small, for weak and strong. 

These are stupendous tasks and cannot be lightly undertaken. . . . We ha\ e vindicated 
these principles, and now the world is looking to us to stand by them. 

They come home again to face these new problems. It is a nev.-- conflict in a new field, 
and must be fought in a new way. . , . The dawning of a new day must witness tlie 
growth of humanity and brotherhood that reaches far beyond the bounds of any nation. 
Again comes the question from a thousand million souls, "What will America do?" . . . Lei 
us then pursue the nobler course of co-operation and service. With courage in the right 
as God gives us to sec the right, let us join hands a hundred milhon strong with our sister 
nations to bring to a distracted world a peace based on right, with liberty and justice for 

The New America 

Michigan St.-me Normal College 
Michigan Oratorical League Contest 
Adrian, Michigan, March 13, 1920. 

Time is rapidly carrying us away from the great day when silence 
succeeded the roar of flaming guns. Future historians . . . will 
set down two outstanding international dates : December 25, when 
Jesus Christ, the Light of the Wodd was born, and November 11, 
when Democracy, the right and privilege of all the World was reborn. 

Lack of perspective and the jostling of great events make action 
uncertain but out of it all comes one sure cry, the cry of human 
need from vanquished and victors alike. How has the war left our 
unfortunate European neighbors? . . . Look at those nations wc 
formerly called the Central Powers. Germanj^ Austria-Hungary, and 
Turkey struggle today for their very existence. Revolution, insurrec- 
tion, Bolshevism grip them and fast absorb their very life blood. But in a larger sense, 
their troubles are merely a testimony to the fact that the way of the transgressor is hard 
and that Right is having its final triumph over Might. 


Consider the victors. . . . Italy, .sunn\- Italy, tucked away between two seas and the 
Alps, renowned for centuries for its philosophic, intellectual, and religious learning. Was 
she found wanting in the hours of danger? . . . Wasn't it Italy that accomplished military 
feats with her Alpine Chausseurs which even now the world deems almost impossible? 
And today in her period of reconstruction she is trying to make Italy a better Italy fo» 
Italians. France, heroic France. . . . Oh that nations were made of the stuff that 
France is ! She gave, she bled, she almost died. . . . Then by the transfusion of new 
blood she lives toda\ and is struggling to overcome as she overcame in 1871. "They shall 
not pass." Such is the memorial that little Belgium has given to the world. Her people, 
. . . deprived of their ver\- nation, today come forth as co-partners in the cause of Right. 
England, upon whose domains the sun never sets ! . . . When I think of England I am 
reminded of the little child who while walking with his mother one evening, glanced up 
into the heavens with their countless thousands of stars and said, "Mother, God must have 
His service flag out tonight." So it has been with England. Her sacrifices have come 
from all corners of the earth and the world has been a better world because there was an 

But now to complete our vision of these nations who were the champions of Right and 
Justice, we must journey three thousand miles across the sea to The New America — our 
own United States. When we entered the war we declared that it was to make the world 
safe for all nations. . . . Now we openly boast of having the largest merchant marine in 
the world and of having made more money from the war than all the other nations put 
together. ... As a culmination we hesitated, almost refused to endorse the only docu- 
ment in existence which tends to make that world safe — the covenant of the League of 

The time has come when America must analyze the motives which govern her actions. 
And what is her danger? Frankly, can it not be expressed by that age-old warning that, 
"Tlie love of money is the root of all evil?" ... Is that the principle for which our 
forefathers fought in 1776, and again in 1812? . . . America, I ask >ou, was the almighty 
dollar our motive in sending two million of our flower of manhood into the "Hell" of war 
on a foreign soil? . . . 

Citizens of America, these are indeed serious times. . . . America is on trial and she 
must not be found wanting. . . . "What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole world 
and lose his own soul?" So it is with a nation. . . . Must it be said of us that the body 
and the gratification of its desires is first in importance and the soul is second? Must we 
not apply again the idealism of the pioneers to the realm of our politics, our industry, and 
our international relations? 

In this the hour of triumph we must not forget that America has been the governmental 
laboratory of the world. Our forefathers. . . . braved the dangers of a new and unclaimed 
world for those principles which they held even dearer than life itself. Aloof from the 
pett}' strifes and affairs of Europe, they were able to assimilate the best ideas in government 
that the various nations of the world had to offer. . . . We have prided ourselves on the 
fact that our statesmen have been Americans in the truest sense of the word and have 
represented the spirit of Americanism. Friends, we must maintain that standard I Our 
statesmen must be men who are big enough and brave enough to look into posterity's future 
and see the international rather than the partisan issue at stake. We must remember the 
lives and deeds of the great Americans who have done so much to shape the destiny of this 
nation. . . . Every nation needs great men but most of all the world needs them, needs 
more men like Clemenceau of France, Lloyd George of England. Albert of Belgium, and 
President Wilson. . . . 

Another problem is one which is already too familiar to most of us. Capital and 
Lalior are hostile to each other in their dealings and as a result their understandings soon 
become misunderstandings. But, you sa_\', we alread}' know the conditions, what we want 


is the remedy. But I say do we know the conditions? Take the recent strike of the miners 
of bituminous coal for example. How many of us know the average wage of the coal 
miner, know his social, his religious, and educational advantages? Then give the mine 
owners an equally fair examination. What is their cost of labor, transportation, and 
overhead expense — then what is their percentage of profit? I hold that if such a report of 
actual existing conditions were made to the public, a remedy would suggest itself which 
could be worked out through our government. . . . 

But today the world presents international problems which demand the attention of the 
New America. There is one nation in Europe today which has been referred to as the 
"Child of the World," and that nation is struggling Russia. . . . But if Russia were the 
only one ! The Holy Land, Armenia, Serbia, Belgium, and some of the newly-created 
nations are standing with outstretched arms toward America. They are seeking spiritual, 
diplomatic, and financial aid, and, friends, our attitude towards them in this their hour of 
need will determine their attitude toward us in the decades to come. 

The war is over and has been won at a cost of money, men. and happiness, the thought 
of which staggers the human mind. The estimated cost in money of the world war has 
been placed at one hundred fifty billions of dollars. . . . The latest available report of men 
killed in action totals approximateh- seven million four hundred eight\'-four thousand. . . . 
The destruction of the love and happiness of the innocent and defenseless men, women, 
and children can never be estimated. . . . There should be more of a brotherhood between 
nations and between the citizens of nations because we have all paid the price together. 
. . . If no other thing than international brotherhood result^ from this war it shall have 
accomplished its purpose, and the Dead in Flanders Field may rest in peace, because : 

"They did not die for a selfish peace 
Or fight for a coin of gold. 
They did not die for a stretch of land 

Or for things that are bought and sold. 

And the vision they saw through the cannon smoke 

As they battled to death with might. 
Of a happier world, where justice reigns. 

Must shine through the peace w e write." 





Alpha Tau Delta 

Established 1907. Incorporated 1911. 
Flower — Maroon and Gold Tulip. Colors — Maroon and Gold. 

I'atron — Dr. Nathan A. Harvey 

Dr. Frederick R. Gorton Prof. Frederick B. McKay 

Prof. Bert W. Peet Prof. Byron S. Corbin 


Nelson Anderson 

Ralph Gallagher 

Robert T. Benford 

John Finch 

Carl L. Bean 

William Johnson 

Leo Callahan 

George Kapnick 

John R. Childs 

Homer LaGassey 

Gregory McCloskey 

Manley Irwin 

Clarence Miller 

Grover C. Baker 

Norman Pohl 

Homer West 

Adolph Roth 

Frank Lee 

Paul Sangren 

Arold W. Brown 

Theodore Schaadt 

John Reynolds 

Alex Zehner 

Allen B. Carr 

Robert Christenson 

J. Burns Fuller 

Hiram A. Nicholson 

Clinton Rich 

Warren Webb 

Roy Webb 

John White 

Howard Parson 

Lowell B. Van Antwerp 

Floyd L. Smith 

Eugene Crittenden 

Arlo Bennett 



Arm of Honor 

Established in 1895. Incorporated in 1915. 
Colors — Red and Black Flower — Dark Red Carnation 

Patron— Dr. B. L. D'Ooge 

Prof. O. O. Norris 


Mr. Carl Lindegren 

Dr. R. Clyde Ford 


Arthur McKenny 
G. C. Handy 
Wesley Dawson 
Joseph H. Thompson 
Dr. Leo J. Whitmire 
George Moorman 
Sewell Piatt 

Clarence W. Cannon 
Herbert Cooney 
Roland Drake 
Irvin W. Kinney 
Don D. Drake 
Chancy F. Whitney 
Zach. H. Gauntlett 
Boyd W. Williams 
Carl R. Miller 
Dean Anient 
Ernest R. Ouinn 

Harold Gaudy 
Neil Gardner 
Russell Reader 
Leonard D'Ooge 
Turlow Riley 
Seward Horner 
Maurice Rogers 

Elton Rynearson 


Edwin M. Reid 
George E, Tomlinson 
Donald McLouth 
Harold D. Osborne 
Frank B. Goodwin 
Nelson L. VanWegen 
Leslie Coatta 
Clarence Fuller 
Chas. Ausborn 
Lyle Goodridge 
James Crumbly 



Chi Delta 

Established 1914. Colors — Lavender and Gold. 

Patron — Professsor Carl E. Pray 

Dr. W. H. Sherzer Mr. Harold Reider Prof. Jesse W. Cranoall 


John Ankebrant Elden Jones 

Franklin Austin Glenn Knicely 

Ray Binns Harold Laing 

Ralph R. Carpenter Glen Pepper 

Edwin Calrke Leo Roach 

William Cronenwett Frank Scott 

Leland H. Dickerson Hubert Smith 

William Durance Robert K. Speer 

Dennis Janousek Almon Vedder 

Otto F. Jens Marian Vincent 

Professor Paul B. Samson 

Floyd Curtis George Shawley 

Paul Rankin Samuel S. Starr 

Ransom Townsend 



Kappa Phi Alpha 

Established 1!)02 

Color — Royal Purple Flower — American Beauty Rose 

Patron — Professor Dimon H. Roberts 

F. M. Greenstreet 


Ralph H. Carpenter Harold J. McKnight 

Harold L Westcott Lloyd Senglaub 

Howard S. Harris Ralph Matthews 

John V. McCullock Dan R. Herkimer 

Leo E. DnVall Foster A. Evans 

Harrold J. Rust Donald Gorham 

Clifford D. Crane Marshall Wiltshire 


Phelps Crouse 
Ralph J. Jameson 
Dion Greene 
Harold T. Augustus 

Charles B. Cleary 
Frank Webb 
Raymond S. Augustus 
Helmar (jreene 



Phi Delta Pi 

Established 1892 

Colors — Pink and White 
Flower — Pink Carnation 

Incorporated 1900 

Dr. Charles O. Hoyt 

J. Stuart Lathers, '92 
Clemens P. Steimle, '02 
Arthur G. Erickson, '03 
J. Milton Hover, '08 
Charles M. Elliot, '10 

Kenneth J. Artley 
Eaton O. Bemis 
E. Pearson Buchanan 
Owen J- Cleary 
John M. Conat 
John E. Crampton 
John R. Emens 
Charles E. Forsythe 
Bernard H. Hellenbere 

Howard D. Kirk 
Merland A. Kopka 
Walter H. Lathers 
Duane Lurkins 
Arthur Moore 
Gerald Newberry 
Alfred Schultz 
Arthur D. Walker 
Lee Wilks 

Donald Wheeler 



Delta Phi 

Established 1909 
Colors — Maise, White and Blue 
Flower — Chrysanthemum 


Mrs. C. C. Hoyt 

Mrs. F. R. Gorton 

Miss Lida Clark Miss Adelle Jackson 

Miss Greta Forte 


Mildred Bennett 
Lora Bogert 
Ruth Bowen 
Frances Caldwell 
Ethel Chatfield 
Doris Culkins 
Alice Davison 
Doris Ewing 
Inez Fotheringham 
Dorothy Hill 

Frieda Lehmann 
Edna Mather 
Isca McClaughry 
Lucille Miller 
Gladys Parkinson 
Laura Sauer 
Gladys Schenk 
z\lvena Streng 
Bessie Williams 
Margaret WyckofF 


Sarah Jane Dodge 



Delta Sigma Epsilon 

Eta Chapter 
Colors — Olive Green and Cream 
Flower — Cream Tea Rose 

Faculty Member 

. Mrs F. a. Todd 
Miss Ciiloe M. Todd 


Frances Barnum 
Helen Bohnet 
Myrtle Berry 
Leona Decker 
Frances Fishburn 
Katherine Griifith 
Flossie Harris 
Anna Horn 

Frances Holland 
Hazel Lankton 
Fannie Mersman 
Bernice Newcomb 
Margaret Plumb 
Katherine Thomasma 
Carol Valentine 
Violet Valentine 

Marjorie Weaver 








. Miami University, Teachers' College 
Pennsylvania Stati Normal 
. Colorado Teachers" College, Greely, Colo. 
North Western Teachers' College, Alva, Okla. 
New Mexico Teachers' University, Las Vegas 
. Michigan State Normal College 



Harmonious Mystic 

Established 1900 
Colors — Cerise and White 
Flowers — Cerise and White Carnations 

Mrs. Atwood McAndrews Mrs. Carl Lindengren 

Mrs. R. a. Clifford 

Georgia Richardsox-Baskerville Eleanor Hazzard Peacock 
Mrs. B. L. D'Ooge Louise George Humphrey 


Grace Bemis Cathryn Horgan 

Genevieve Breining Lucile Love 

Grace Burton Magdalene McConnell 

Gladys Cairns Margery Mitchell 

Edith Cudney Hildred Oltman 

Helen Cudney Gladys Porter 

Mary Dubry Anne Swearingen 

Ruth Fidler Marjorie Sweet 

Mae Gourley Evelyn Ward 

Doris Greene Alma Wardroper 

Cornelia Hoffman Pauline Weiss 

Janet McKimmie Rose Whymer 
Edna Brandt 

Mary Dickinson Neva Greene 

Grace Emery Agnes Wardroper 


Fay Allen Dee Deuble McKee 

Mable Barbour Britton Gladys Lyler Newton 

Ruth Cleary Marie Shaefer Ordway 

Josephine Wright D'Ooge Abigale Owen 

Frances Goetz Florence Jones Shaefer 

Mable Gass George Laura Cruikshank Sweet 

Ellen Kishlar Florence Vliet Sweet 

Esther Kline Marie Goetz Wood 
Maude Davis MacAllister 


Beta Detroit, Michigan 



Kappa Gamma Phi 

Organized in IDll 
Colors — Blue and White 
Flower — Violet 


Mrs. O. O. Norris 

Miss Jessie Laird 
Miss Sara Lewis 


iMiss Florence McClough 
Miss Emma R. Cross (in service) 


Ethyl Barber 
Edith Collister 
Dorothy Drowyor 
Joyce Durfee 
Gladys Erickson 
Bernice Gilbert 
Glenadine Hall 
Lillian Klaus 
Ella von Sprecken 
Ltiicille Koperski 

Helen Abbott 
Flelen Collier 
Harriet Gagnon 


Flazel Mears 
Eva Miller 
Phyllis Norris 
Greta Quick 
Ethel Rogers 
Margaret Shaver 
Carolyn Smith 
(iertrude Stowell 
Barbara Walker 

Ruth Mills 
Myrtle Rabey 
Hazel Schall 



Detroit, A-Iichigan 


Kappa Psi 

Organized in 1901 
Colors — Pink, Green and VVliite 
Flower — Apple Blossom 

Miss Mary E. Hatton Miss Clyde E. Foster 

Miss Gertrude C. Phelps Miss Belle Morrison 

Miss Helen Chadwick 


Marguerite Carpenter 
Margaret Eckert 
Irene Hocking 
Bernice Moore 
Pearl Nickelson 
Helen Bliss 
Loraine Heath 
Jean McCue 
Flavian Watkins 
Ruth E. Binns 
Marion McConnell 
Sarah Metzler 
Ruth Gustafson 
Marcia Rentfrow 

Mildred Van Wegen 
Marion Smith 
Frances Thompson 
Esther Eldred 
Irene Van Horn 
Alma Reisig 
Alice Trim 
Gladys Bell 
Doris Pettis 
Onahbelle L. Millara 
Violet Ramshaw 
Charlotte Reed 
Marguerite Hill 



Mu Delta 

Lambda Chapter 

Colors — Pink and White 
Flower — Pink Rose 

Mrs. Jesse Crandall 

Blanche Towne 

Established 1914 


Annette JVIott 
Wynnetto Brotherton 
Ada Eileen Brines 
Marion Spangler 
Ida Miller 
Elva Reese 
Helen Flynn 

Beulah Bentley 

Loraine Struble 


Winnifred Doig 
Mildred Taylor 
^Margaret Lange 
Bernice Nelson 
Helen Phelps 
Estelle Jacobson 
Margaret Despins 

Alice Easton 
^\'ilderine Andrus 













Pauline Davison 

Wooster, Ohio 
Lewis Institute, Chicago, 111. 

Summit, New Jersey 
Los Angeles, California 
Wicker Park, Chicago, 111. 
Irving Park, Chicago, 111. 
North Shore, Chicago, 111. 
East St. Louis, 111. 
Northwood Park, 111. 
Ypsilanti, Mich. 
East Orange, New Jersey 
Flint. Mich. 



Pi Kappa Sigma 

Established 18!)8 

Colors — Turquoise and Gold 
Flowers — Jonquil and Forget-Me-Not 

Miss Mary B. Putnam 


Inez Rutherford 
Ellen Dwyer 


Celia Blomgren 
Florence Kelly 

Helen Cook Esther Thomson Fletcher Margaret Brooks 

Madeline Folmer Eleanor Folmer Gardner Gladys Cook 

Charlotte King 

Cora Bowen 
Lena Knapp Mellancamp 


Ruth Rouse 

Gladys Meier 
Josephine Nelson 
Hazel Chapin 
Genevieve Hodges 
Clare Guinan 
Vivian Gorton 
Eva Burns 
Winifred Congdon 
Eunice Northrup 
Winafred Newton 
Florence Kellv 

Celia Blomgren 
Genevieve Nulan 
Florence Topping 
Ellen Hopkins 
Margaret Young 
Ruth Genther 
Florence Cole 
Loretta Eraser 
Gladys McDonald 
Dorothy Wood 
Winona Scranton 







A-Iichigan State Normal College, Ypsilanti 
State Normal College, Alva, Oklahoma 
Miami ETniversity, Oxford, Ohio 
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 
State Normal, Emporia, Kansas 


Margaret E. Brady, Covington, Ky. . . Grand President 
Mildred M. Morris, Cleveland, O. . . Grand Vice-President 
Mrs. Robert Colburn, Norwood, O. . . Grand Secretary 
Helen M. Cook, Ypsilanti, Mich. . . . Grand Treasui'er 
S. Edith Todd, Detroit, Mich. . Grand Editor and Historian 


Alva, Oklahoma 
Detroit, Michigan 

Pittsburg, Pennsylvania 
Cincinnati, Ohio 



Sigma Nu Phi 

Established in 1897 
Colors — Yellow and White Flower — Marguerite 

Mrs. W. H. Sherzer 


Alice Boardman 

Bertha Goodison 


Mozella Galloway 
Doris Butler 
Catherine Cameron 
Lucile Rice 
Marion Bard 
Clara Bauer 
Mary Case 
Alyne Wegman 
Helen Hoegner 
Ruthela Preble 

Yvonne Gingras 
Mary Gimblet 
Helen Whitmore 
Doris Burr 
Pearl Cashmere 
Mariam Grant 
Beula Walker 
Emmarette Bloom 
Beatrice Davis 
Lottie Hirsch 


Lela Forsberg Gladys Newcomb 

Beta . . . . . . Detroit, Michigan 



Sigma Sigma Sigma 

Established 1898 

Colors — Purple and White Flower — Purple Violet 

Mrs. Paul B. Sampson Mrs. Milton Hover 

Miss Stinson 

Miss Allison 


Olive Waggoner 
Victoria Steel 
Hattie James 
Jean MacKenzie 
Irvena Pettit 
Doris O'Rourke 
Dorothy Helen Jessup 
Cecile Wilson 
Mabel Chambers 
Ruth Schuiz 
Myrtle Dill 
Cora Coldren 

Louise Hunter 
Ruth Stewart 
Mae Waggoner 
Janice House 
Dora Welch 
Katharine Loomis 
Rhoda Croninger 
Wilma Thomas 
Helen Eberly 
Marguerite Parshall 
Ruth MacDonald 

Mrs. Bert ram G. Smith Georgiana Boehnleim 


Geraldine MacMillan Marguerite Crumley 

Marjory Overmeyer 

Vera Marx 

Martha Carlson 


Theta Lambda Sigma 

Established 1912 

Colors — Crimson and Black Flower — American Beauty Rose 

Mrs. H. Z. Wilber 

Mrs. Carl Pray Mrs. Elmer Mitchell 

Mrs. Alvin Strickler Mrs. Beyerman 

Mrs. J. H. McCullock 


Bessie Beaubier 
Helen Ferrick 
Helen Ferris 
Doris Hilton 
Marie Ingall 
Martha Johnson 
Dorothy Kalmbach 
Helen Lathers 
Hilda MacDougall 

Muriel McClear 
Nellie Parr 
Kathleen Parr 
Grace Simmons 
Carol Smith 
Katherine Stapleton 
Anne Schroeder 
Theresa Taylor 
Marjorie Wilber 

Naomi Zipp 

Louise Stegman 




Delta . 




Chicago, Illinois 
Rogers Park, Illinois 
Fort Worth, Texas 
Little Rock, Arkansas 
Valparaiso, Indiana 
Ypsilanti, Michigan 


Treble Clef 

Established in 1905 

Mrs. N. a. Harvey Mrs. W. P. Bowen 

Mrs. Annis Dexter Gray 

Miss Mary McDermott Miss Ida J. Hintz 


Roxie Alexander Lillian Bennie 

, Ruth Reaper Gertrude Irwin 

Mildred Bull Irma Meyer 

Marion Post Lillian Cliiford 

Vivian Staley Helen Oliver 

Evelyn Hoch Virginia Paton 

Ella Mae Dacey Mabel Wing 

Opal Hillier Miriam Fritz 
Vera Wallington 



Zeta Tau Alpha 

Established 1910 

Colors — Blue and White 

Flower — White Rose 

Mrs. D. H. Roberts Miss Mabel Wombaugh 

Miss Elizabeth McCrickett Miss Johanna Alpermann 

Miss Ethel McCrickett Miss Mary Faulkner 

Helen Adams 
Carolyn Bacon 
Eunice Bartlett 
Florence Brown 
Flora Clute 
Alice Consoer 
Helen Farley 
Helene Graves 
Dorothy Leitch 


Esther MacFarlane 
Leora McClusky 
Lucille Miller 
Eunice Niblick 
Alice Pedersen 
Inez Selesky 
Irene Smith 
Helen Stellwagen 
Venus Walker 
Milma Wickstrom 

Mabel Mair 
Winnifred Shattuck 


EUenor Fredericks 
Margaret Grenfell 
Hazel Edwards 


Alpha Sigma Tau 

Established 1898 
Colors — Emerald and Gold 

[rs. E. A. Lvman 

Miss Ella Wilson 
Miss Lota Garner 

Edna Gingerick Dawson 

Grace Braddock 
Cynthia Dodge 
Ruth Spaulding 

Delta . 

Alumni Chapter 
Alumni Chapter 

Flower — Yellow Rose 


Miss Ada Norton 
Miss Abigal Pearce 


Miss Eleanor Meston 
Miss Grace Erb 


Marie Dawson 


Frances Smith 
Margaret Taylor 
Gladys Van Wert 
Eleanor Carr 


Ypsilanti, jNIichigan 
Mount Pleasant, [Michigan 
[Milwaukee, ^^'isconsin 
Indiana, Pennsylvania 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Detroit, [Michigan 
Pittsburo-, Pennsylvania 



Professor Wilbur P. Bowex 
Head of the Department of Physical Education 


Coach Elton Rynearson 

It is with great pride and pleasure that we point to the success of our athletic 
teatns of the past. They have represented our college in a way which brings 
credit to us and to them by playing the square, clean kind of a game. Our teams 
of this year have been no exception to the rule. During the football season we 
won four games, tied one, and lost two. In basketball we won thirteen of the 
fifteen games played, and our prospects for a successful baseball season are very 
promising. But to whom can this success be attributed? The men alone are 
not responsible, but back of them is the work of Coach Elton Rynearson, the 
most popular man-among-men on the campus. There are at least two things 
which the men on athletic teams strive to obtain — one is Rynie's smile, and the 
other is honor for the Green and White. 


1 i \ 




























Williams Full 

Austin Guard 

Driggett End 

Westcott Half 

Miller Guard 

Morris Tackle 

Drake Guard 

Cooney Guard 

McKnight Half 

Crampton Center 

Rynearson Coach 

Hansor Quarter 

Ouinn End 

Webb Half 

Crane Tackle 

Foy Center 

Rust End 

Tomlinson End 


M. S. N. C 12 Assumption 

M. S. N. C 10 Bowling Green 

M. S. N. C 23 Adrian 6 

M. S. N. C 14 Alma 

M. S. N. C 7 Mount Pleasant 7 

M. S. N. C 7 Albion 30 

M. S. N. C Hillsdale 1 


M. S. N. C 73 Opponents 44 



The opening of college last fall found five veterans ready to don their foot- 
ball uniforms, in the persons of Crane, Cooney, Drake, Morris and Webb. It 
was about these men that "Rynie" built his successful team of this year. 

In the first four games of the season with Assumption, Bowling Green, 
Adrian and Alma, respectively, M. S. N. C. scored a total of 59 points to their 
opponents 6. Then came the tie game with Mount Pleasant. The last two games 
were the ones in which we met defeat. Albion was the only team which took 
us into camp by means of good straight football. The last game of the season 
was with Hillsdale (there) and we forfeited that because of misunderstandings. 

All in all, it has been a very successful season, made so by the stellar work 
of the above mentioned men, together with Foy, Tomlinson, Miller, Williams, 
Hansor, Rust, Westcott, Quinn, Driggett and McKnight. 

Hansor, captain-elect for next year, with all of the men who expect to come 
back, ought to produce a winning eleven, which could equal, if not surpass this 
season's splendid record. 




M. S. N. C. 
M. S. N. C. 
M. S. N. C. 
M. S. N. C. 
M. S. N. C. 
M. S. N. C. 
M. S. N. C. 

M. S. N. C 42 

M. S. N. C 

M. S. N. C 

M. S. N. C 

M. S. N. C 

M. S. N. C 

M. S. N. C 

M. S. N. C 


33 Alumni 25 

38 Bowling Green 17 

28 Detroit Junior College 19 

17 Assumption 16 

28 Jackson Athletic Club 27 

28 Detroit Athletic Club 43 

22 Jackson Athletic Club 16 

Adrian 12 

46 Albion 14 

43 Detroit Junior College 29 

37 Detroit Athletic Club 31 

32 Bowling Green 11 

36 Alma 32 

28 Adrian 25 

12 Mount Pleasant 22 


M. S. N. C 470 Opponents 

During the 15 games there were 600 minutes of pla>-, and M. S. N. C. averag 
for every 1 1-3 minutes of action. 

... 339 

1 point 




"Chuck" had his old job at for- 
ward this year. He stayed in the 
vicinity of the basket most of the 
time and it was his business to ring 
'em up. This he did quite regularly 
with the assistance of his team- 


"Bill" was one of the new men on 
the squad this season. He came to 
M. S. N. C. with quite a record as a 
basket ball player and he certainly met 
t)ur expectations. "Bill's" headwork 
and skill in handling the ball are his 
strong points. He is captain-elect for 
next year. 


"Moe" has had a regular position 
on our basket ball team for the last 
three years. His work at center has 
been excellent and he is right there 
when it comes to dropping the ball 
through the hoop. One of his favor- 
ites is the follow-up shot. 


"Cliff" is one of the best all-around 
basket ball players that M. S. N. C. 
ever had. His guarding was such that 
very few men were able to get by 
him. He was fast on floor-work and 
also had a good eye for basket shoot- 

Austin was another new man this 
year. It was a question for a time 
who would occupy the standing guard 
position but he landed the job and 
held it down about right. He didn't 
make many baskets, but his men didn't 

Quinn, Evans and Wilkshire mixed in quite a number of games and were 
valuable assets to the team. They expect to be back here next year and ought 
to greatly strengthen the team. 




April 21 

U. of M. 


Won bv U. of Score 5-0 

" 28 




" 4-1 

May 1 


M.A. C. 


" M. A.-C. 

" 5-1 




" 4-1 

" 14 



" M. S. N. C. 

" 5-3 

" 15 

Mt. Pleasant 


M. S. X. C. 

'• 0-3 

" 19 



" M. S. X. C. 

" 21-10 

" 21 

Mt. Pleasant 


" x\ssumption 

•• 10-4 

" 27 



" Mt. Pleasant 

'• 7-3 

" 29 



" Albion 


June 9 



Mt. Pleasant 

" 10-8 




" 13-9 



The prospects of a successful baseball team are again looming this season. 
With but two men from last year's team back this year, the coveted berths on 
the team are rather uncertain as yet. 

The question of pitchers was alarming for a time, but the work of Shadford 
and Gough in the first two games played seems to have satisfied Coach Rynearson 
with that phase of the sport. Practice has been rather limited this year because 
of the inclement weather, and that together with the new material at hand, has 
made the organization of the team quite a problem. 

A schedule of considerable lengh has been arranged as usual for this year, 
but due to the fact that the Aurora has to go to press before it is completed, 
further work of the team and the scores of the games will have to be omitted. 


First Base — Hellenberg 
Second Base — Crane 

Third Base — Morris 

Center Field — Quinn 
Right Field — Cooney 
Catcher — Williams 

Short Stop — Westcott 
Left Field — Forsythe 

Pitcher — Shadford, Gough 

Substitutes — Hansor, Osborn, Carpenter 

Coach — Rynearson 


Track Schedule 

Apr. 30 D. J. C. There Won by D. J. C. 

May 8 Kalamazoo Here Won by Kalamazoo. 

May 14 D. J. C. Here Won by 

May 21 Albion Here Won by 

May 29 Intercollegiate at M. A. C. 

June 5 M. I. A. A. Field at Albion. 


Track Team 

Coatta — 220 yard hurdles ; pole vault. 
Conat — 440 yard dash ; half mile. 
Grossman One mile; two mile. 
Drake — Shotput; discus. 

Emens — 120 yard hurdles ; running broad and running high jump. 

Goodrich — 320 yard dash ; 100 yard dash. 

Johnson — 440 yard dash ; half mile. 

La Gassey — 100 yard dash. 

Roth— 220 and 440 yard dashes. 

Smith — 440 yard dash ; half mile. 

Walker — Pole vault; discus; javelin; running high and running broad jump. 

Webb, E. Shotput; discus; Javelin. 

Webb, R.— Shotput. 

Wood — One mile ; two mile. 


Track activities have always held an important place among the sports at 
M. S. N. G. The arrival of Prof. McGulloch, who took Prof. Sampson's place 
as coach of the track team, seems to have been a real find, according to the 
enthusiasts of this sport. He has had considerable experience in handling track 
teams and is right there on the job most of the time. 

This year's schedule includes two meets of special interest. The Intercol- 
legiate meet at M. A. G. and the M. I. A. A. field day at Albion promise to be 
events in which the Green and White team will win her share of the honors. 

Again we must apologize for not being able to give the complete results of 
all the meets as scheduled — but you know— the Aurora must be printed. 


The Girls Indoor Meet 

The Seventeenth Annual Girls' Indoor Meet took place March 13, 1920, in 
the Men's gymnasium. It was an event much looked forward to by both classes, 
and despite the efforts of the Sophomores, the Freshmen were victorious by a 
score of 37-31. Regardless of the fact that Sophomores had had the experience 
of last year's meet, the Freshmen stood a better chance of winning because of 
the abundance of material from which selections could be made. However, they 
well deserved their victory. 

The entire first part of the meet went to the Freshmen and then the Sopho- 
mores began to rally so that up to the last event the score was tied. This event 
was the basket ball game between the first teams and was won by the Freshmen 
(score 15-13). This victory awarded them the entire meet. 

Event Won by Points 

Fresh. Soph. 

Newcomb Freshmen 5 

Volley Ball Freshmen 5 

Folk Dancing Sophomores 5 

Basket Ball (2nd Team) Sophomores 3 

Fifteen Yard Dash Freshmen 9 

High Jump Sophomores 3 5 

Swedish Freshmen 5 

Manager's Relay Sophomores 5 

Ropes Sophomores 5 

Figure Marching Sophomores 5 

Stunts Sophomores 3 

Kicket Sophomores 2 

Basket Ball (1st Team) Freshmen 5 

Attendance Freshmen 5 

Totals 37 33 





Volley Ball 


Folk Dancing 





Figure Marching 

. Helen Hirt 
. Marion Bard 
Evelyn Hoch 
Hazel Chapin 
, Francis Barnum 
. Lucile Rice 
Marjory Wilbur 
Sena Schrier 
Catherine Cameron 
. Glenadine Hall 
Katharine Loomis 



Tennis is a sport which has been gaining in favor during- the past few years 
at M. S. N. C. It, perhaps, more than any other game, tends to make manifest 
the individual abiHties of the participants. Team work is not one of the essential 
requirements, even in double matches, but quick action and skill wins the game. 
It is also one of the most healthful and beneficial forms of recreation to be in- 
cKtlged in. 

There seems to be an exceptional amount of interest displayed in tennis this 
year, although the season has hardly begun. Both men and women, who are 
interested in the sport, have been doing much practicing on the courts and good 
teams are again assured for this season. Several single and double matches 
have been scheduled with other college teams. There are also to be some inter- 
class contests which should prove to be very interesting. 




"The Psychological Moment for Skipping Glasses" 


This is a very interesting piece of work, handled in a most scientific manner, as one 
would naturally be led to believe at the very mention of the author's name. In his book 
he has tabulated several thousand helpful "excuses for absences" that the reader will find 
very successful upon trial. The author holds forth the theory that it is outrageously brutal 
for any professor to expect regular and continuous attendance from a Xormal student 
whose valuable time is so greatly needed for more important occupations. But so long as 
they have that habit, it is best to put up a bluff, which is exceedingly easy with the average 
professor (however, be careful you aren't fooling yourself) if one just goes about it in the 
right way. And so on, the book advises and suggests a means of escape for the student, 
stricken with "spring fever." Throughout the book delightful examples of the stupidity of 
college instructors furnish great amusement to the student already exasperated by the same. 
The book is about SO pages in length, and is attractively illustrated with scenes from 
Shakespeare, which his uncle insisted upon his including. Familiarity with this book and 
pleasing results from many practical applications cause the Aurora staff to highly recom- 
mend it as a book that should be in every student's library, along with Dr. Hoyt's Saturday 
Evening Post which we have found out he is paid to advertise — postum. 

Price — 4 francs a half dozen. (If you haven't got the four francs, here is your 
chance to go to France.) 

"Easiest Way to Have Week Night Dates and Get 
Away With Them." 


Considering the reliability of the authoress of this interesting piece of literature the 
reader will not be surprised to find a well-known truth treated in a charming new way. 
"Rules are made to break," is the foundation upon which our charming little lady bases her 
entire thought. And no student at M. S. N. C. would doubt the truth of that old axiom — 
axiom, yes, for it certainly is a self-evident truth. 

The rule concerning week night dates is one of the most insipid in our curriculum, as 
every Ypsi girl will testify. We doubt if there is any disregarded so continuously and v, ith 
such frequency. For what is the difference, Miss Plumb asks, between going to the movies 
with a crowd of girls and going in the much more thrilling company of a young man, 
except that in the former case you're out 25c or 30c? Numerous devices and schemes for 
deceiving your landlady are given in very complete detail and therein lies the book's great 
value and interest. 

Price — withheld until she knows how soon Harold will get another laise. 



The most advantageous positions in which to place yourself ; the most successful means 
of escaping the eagle eye of tliat professor, whose class you skipped an hour or so before; 
the various tones of voice to use in the repeated greetings ; and all possible variations are 
some of the points of great attractiveness of this set of 300 volumes, each dealing with a 
different aspect of the subject. Judging from the length of time and frequency of occasions 
upon which the author has been known to keep his post at the cross-section of the corridors 
the authenticity of all his statements could not be questioned. The author has even been 
known to spend the night in the corridor to assure his being the first occupant in the 
morning. The college and the student body, we are sure, feel deepl}' indebted to Mr. Cleary's 
de\otion for this invalualjle piece of work. 

Price — 50c per glass — all wool and a yard wide. 

"How to Teach Reading to Babies" 


This document has aroused a great deal of curiosit\-, interest, and discussion, as it 
suggests and advances an entirely new theory of education, uprooting many of the doctrines 
which have served us so long. But Bill believes in casting off the old and donning the new 
as he repeatedly states in his book. The book is attractive and ser\ iceable, lieing bound in 
pink satin, with a pattern on the cover embroidered in green and yellow, which was Lottie's 
suggestion, and being hers, was of course as usual enthusiastically adopted. 

The illustrations in the book are very fine, being the work of James Crumley, whose 
present position is cartoonist for the Methodist Missionary Magazine. 

All in all, no more worthy investment could l^e suggested to a person, adequately 
intelligent, to grasp the depth and significance of this 1,000-page book. 

Price — withheld until Congress issues the new ilj-^'ent piece. Thereafter it will t;ike 
two of these or 5c a yard. 

Best adapted to small families. 



Freshman Class Sophomore Class Degree Class 

Biggest BluFfcr Homer La Gassey..Bob Speer Eaton Be.mis 

Biggest Bluffee Betty W'liitaker. . . . Bee Moore P'rances Shanks 

Busiest Looking Girl Katiierine Saetler .. Vivian Staley Inez Selesky 

Busiest Looking Man Norman Pohl Art Moore Burns Fuller 

Greatest Talker Doris Pettis Kathleen Parr Isca McClaughry 

Ralph Gallagher ... Bob Speer Arold Brown 

Greatest Tease Ben Hellenhurg. ... Esther MacFarlane . . Merland Kopka 

Bernice Newcomb. .John Emens Helen Farley 

Most Scientific Tlirt (Male) Carl Miller Pat Cleary Dan Herkimer 

Most Scientific Flirt ( Female) .. .Gertrude bVeed Helen Stelhvagon. .. Grace Simmons 

Most Unsatisfied (jirl Donna Olson Marjorie Wilber. .... Beatrice Carr 

Most Unsatisfied Man Howard Kirk Pearson Buchanan ... Harold Laiiig 


"According to Hoyle" at M. S. N. G. or Revised Edition 

of College Rules 

1. Students are expected to be al).sent A\henever possible. Tt makes less work for the 
already overlnirdened faculty, and anyway if attendance was regular they never would use 
up all those absence slips. 

2. Students are requested ne\er to look at the bulletin l)oard. The notices there are 
not for you. 

'6. The Library is set aside for conversation. Persons wanting to stud\- should go 
out on the campus. 

4. Students arc urged to attend the Forum, particularly on \audeville nights. Credit 
is jjjven for regular attendance. 

5. Students should plan all social activities without bothering the Dean, who has other 
numerous duties that are thus neglected. 

6. Girls should learn to entertain callers as long as they remain. It is very impolite 
to dismiss a guest. 

7. If you wish a book from tlie Library, take it, ljut don't ask the Librarian. She 
doesn't desire your acquaintance. 

8. Students attending assemljly more than once a quarter are to be reported to the 
President's office immediateh'. 

9. Girls shouldn't do their studying in the evening. Those hours should be free for 

10. Never refuse an invitation for any social event. You are here to get an education. 

11. It is perfectly proper to talk to another student without an introduction. He 
probalil_\- knows you, anyway. 

12. Students should in every \va>' demolish the building, so that AI. S. X. C. can spend 
the money appropriated to her by the State. 

13. Students should linger in the halls between classes and not be so inconsiderate of 
an instructor as to get to class on time. 

14. Never pay your registration fee when called for. The office has no waj- of taking 
care of such huge sums of money as come in at the^e times. Wait for the S. O. S. — rather 
the C. P. S. 

\S. Be just as impudent to your instructors as possible. It humors them and gives 
them a chance to exercise that e\er-read.\- line of sarcastic remarks — without such an 
opportunity they become very pee\ ish. 

16. Always plan to have a cigarette with you to smoke between classes, or when some 
Professor is so dry that you are afraid of going to sleep. It is a very eflfectixe stimulant. 

17. Never consult your Year Book. It's much easier and more satisfying to go to 
C. P. with all your questions. 

18. Ne\ er attend any of the lectures or concerts at Pease Auditorium. The place is 
too small to accommodate even the crowds of faculty that accumulate there for such occa- 
sions, and of course they need to be educated far more than an_\- Normal student. 

19. Always hail Normal instructors on the street with a "hello" or "hey." It gives 
them a feeling of closeness and intimacy without which the\' often become blue and 

20. Don't waste }Our time reading all the library references given you. Your in- 
structors luu'e ne\er read all those books, and tbe\" think you are mentally unbalanced 


Book of Modern Quotations 

My tender youth was never yet attaint with the passions of inflaming love. — 
Almon Vedder. 

His way through school is lined, like the Mississippi river, with blufifs. — 
Arold Brown. 

I know it is a sin for me to sit and grin- -Kathleen Parr. 
I found one man among a thousand — Genevieve Breining. 

Grave authors and witty poets sing 
That wedlock is a glorious thing. 
A good bluff saves hours of study. — Helen Farley. 
He only is fantastical that is not in fashion — Nelson Van Wegen. 
Then fare thee well, deceitful maid, 
'Twere vain and fruitless to regret thee ; 
Nor hope nor memory yield their aid, 

But time may teach me to forget thee. — Pearson Buchanan. 
Criticism is a study by which men grow important and formidable at very 
small expense. — Faculty. 

For a man seldom thinks with more earnestness of anything than he doe.«; 
of his dinner. — Charles E. Forsythe. 

A man is in no danger so long as he talks his love, but to write it is to impale 
himself on his own pothooks. — Artley, Con at & Co. 

Thou art so mild, so mild, I pray thee swear ! — Raye Platt. 
For if she will, she will, you may depend on it ; 

And if she won't, she won't, so there's an end to it. — Margaret Eckert. 
I am weary and am overwrought with too much toil, with too much care 
distraught. — Crumley. 

So sweet the blush of bashfulness, 

Even pity scarce can wis'n it less. — John Emens. 


M.S.N.G.'s Bookshelf 

Popular Science Breaking College rules. 

Woman's Home Companion Don Wheeler. 

Youth's Companion Miss Rankin. 

Century Certain Class Hours. 

Judge Mrs. Priddy. 

Life Harold Rust. 

Country Gentleman Prof. Harvey. 

American Boy Art Moore. 

St. Nicholas Prof. Lyman. 

Review of Reviews Intersection of corridors. 

Snappy Stories Prof. Peet. 

Vogue Influenza. 

Physical Culture Moe. 

Independent Prof. Hoyt. 

Literary Digest Prof. Putnam. 

Motion Picture Arold Brown. 

American Prof. Barbour. 

Country Life Prof. McKay. 

Police Gazette Women's League. 

Good Housekeeping Normal Girls' rooms. 

Popular Mechanics Date making breaking. 

Shadowland Recreation Park. 

Current Opinion Oi¥ days should be bi-weeklv 




Don't forget that once and for a zvholc year you were a 20-year-old kid 

Bah ! What is woman ! A rag ! A bone ! A hank of hair ! 
And man! A jag! A drone! A tank of air! 

The girl with a good memory is not nearly so lovable as the good forgetter. 
Even a tombstone will say good things about a fellow when he's down. 
Truth is mighty : mighty inconvenient to the girl who has a week night date. 
A little learning is a dangerous thing. 
^ Some are wise, some otherwise. 
Absence conquers love — but it takes presents to hold it. 
Opportunity knocks but once — the faculty knocks incessantly. 
A fool can ask more questions in a minute than a wise man can answer in an 
hour — still that's all the time they give us for writing Blue Books ! 
Did you ever happen to notice that : 



Needs of the Institution 

Irene Smith ^fore work to worry about. 

Kathleen Parr Card catalogue for her Campus Activities. 

Our College Spirit Dose of TNT. 

Whitney INIore butter in their rolls. 

Normal News More advertisements. 

Mrs. Priddy Something to ruffle her. 

Gladys Cairns Just a little more time. 

La Gassey Somebody to take him seriously. 

Expression Dept Marriage license and a minister. 

John Emens Little tutoring in profanity. 

Eaton Bemis Correspondence course in txpewriting. 

Certain Instructors Bigger hearts at the end of the quarter. 

Arold Brown Rubber heels. 

Miss Walton A new color scheme. 

Michigan A better climate. 


Bright Lights 

There are meters of accent. 
There are meters of tone ; 

But the best of all meters 
Is to meet her alone. 

There are letters of accent, 
There are letters of tone ; 

But the best of all letters 

Is to let her alone. — Ex. 

^ ^ ^ 

"I've lost my heart," he whispered. 
Gazing in her lovely eyes ; 

But the maiden coldly answered, 
"Why don't you advertise?" 

* * * 

As TaugJit h\ Miss Watson. 

Twinkle, twinkle, little star. 
How I wonder what you are 
Up above the world so high, 
Like a diamond in the sky. 

As Translated bv Prof. Gorton. 

Scintillate, scintillate, luminous con- 
Interrogatively I question your con- 
stituent elements 
In your prodigous altitude above the 
terrestial sphere 
Similar to carbonaceous isniotic 
suspended in the celestial firma- 

^ ^ ^ 

A fool and his money are soon 

^: * >|: 

Little drops of water frozen on the 

Make the naughty adjectives mix in 
Ypsi's talk. 

* * * 

Our Yellmaster acts as if crazy. 
There's no one can say he is lazy ; 
He races and spins. 
Then jumps off his pins, 
By heck, he's a regular daisy. — Ex. 

The Kornic Editor may work 
Till brains and hands are sore ! 

But some wise duffer's sure to say : 
"Gee! I've heard that one before!" 


* * >r 

We were sitting under a shady tree, 
The darkness was gathering o'er us ; 

But Mother Moon came kindly out, 
And satellite before us. 

* * * 

Soph : What's the difference be- 
tween a train master, a school teacher, 
and a bee hive? 

Fresh : I don't know. 

Soph : One minds the train and 
the other trains the mind. 

Fresh: Well, what about the bee 
hive ? 

Soph: Oh, that's where you get 

* * * 

Prof. Elliott : Sir, why are you 
always tardy? 

Walt Lathers: Because the class 
begins before I get here. 



You must take them with you. 
There are very few effective places to 
put them. There are countless things 
that hands must not do. If you put 
gloves on them, they look 50 per cent 
bigger and 75 per cent clumsier. In 
the interest of every-day art then, 
what shall we do with them? 


A good way to hide the hands be- 
tween courses is to sit on them and 
rock back and forth in your chair. 
This will give you a sort of happy-go- 
lucky appearance and effectually keep 
people's eyes from looking at your 


The left hand should be advanced, 
palm out, about on a level with your 
jaw. The right should be held fairly 
close to the body in the region of 
the heart. Speer, Hanser, and many 
others say there is no guard like this 


Do the same as at dinner — sit on 
'em. If you leave them out anywhere 
in the air, the photographer will make 
them look like hams. If it is a wed- 
ding picture and you are having a 
group of your wife and yourself done 
to insult the parlor wall in the days 
to come, don't drape one of your 
hands on the bride's shoulder. Hide 
it in the orange blossoms on the top 
of her head. 

One eventide I wandered far. 
Till in the west a lonely star 

Foretold the dusk : 
Then from ni}' soul the mantle fell 
There in a quiet leafy dell 

A vision dawned. 
A beam of light from heaven sped, 
Made pale the sun's rays, broad and 

True wine of Life. 
And then I knew why I am I, 
And why we live while planets fly 

Through time and space. 
There by my side my soul's desire 
Lay wrapped in robes of living fire. 

With form divine. 
Oft had I seen her in my dreams, 
Or in the star shine's misty gleams. 

But ne'er so near. 
'Twas like the strain of olden song 
That, oft forgotten, lingers long 

And sounds again — 
Methought that in a far dead past 
^^■hen all the world was young and 

^\Iy love was there 
In that same glade, with that same star 
Which swam above the world afar. 

In darkening dome. 
She turned her eyes, and into mine 
There came a gleam of love divine ; 
She beckoned me, and all the pow'r 
Of her sweet shape — that mystic hour 

It drew me on. 
But fearful Father Time swept on, 
For suddenly the stm was gone 

Into the night, into the night. 
A piercing" shriek, a loud alarm. 
Dispeird the dream, destroyed the 

"Twas reveille! 'twas reveille!! 

— Annapolis "Log." 




Chuck : I'll never ask another woman to marry me as long as I live. 
Skinny Evans : Refused again ? 
Chuck: No, accepted. — Jester. 

* * * 

Burns Fuller : Why do the girls always smile at me ? 
Homer La Gassey : Perhaps they are too polite to laugh out loud. 

* * * 

Allen Carr , My exam marks are turning out like my war record. 

Merland Kopka : How's that? 

Allen : It seems I'll never get over C's. 

* * * 

Foster Evans : Permit me to die at your feet ! 

Helen Bohnet : I see no objection to that. All that papa said was that you 
shouldn't hang around here. 

3{: 5(i 

Bill Cooney : Do you like fish balls ? 

James Crumley: Dunno, I never attended any. — Cohnuhia Jester. 

* * * 

Red McKnight : I think I'll go to the dance as a stag. 
Rusty : Why do that ? 
Red : I haven't any doe. 

* * * 

Ouinn : If the President doesn't take back what he said this morning, I am 
going to leave college. 

Austin : What did he say ? 

Quinn : He told me to leave college. 

* * * 

John Emens: We're coming to a tunnel. Are you afraid? 

Ruth Binns : Not if you take that cigar out of your mouth. — Arve/wan. 

* * * 

Bob Speer : May I see the thinnest thing you have in silk hosiery':' 
Saleslady : I'm very sorry, sir ; she's out to lunch. 

* * * 

Prof. Elliott : Now I put the number seven on the board. What number 
immediately comes to your mind '■' 

Don McLouth (promptly): Eleven! 

Pat Cleary : Hear them cylinders knockin'? 
Rusty : It's not the cylinders ; it's my knees. 

* * * 

Harold Laing : Say, Dr. Hoyt, how long could I live without brains? 
Dr. Hoyt: Well, that remains to be seen. 


Mrs. Hutton : I'll teach you to kiss my daughter! 
Art A/[oore : You're too late! I've learned already. 

* * * 

Don Wheeler: I see you have a new girl. Who is she? 

Howard Kirk: That's not a new one. That's just the old one repainted. 

Freda Lehman: Have you any invisible hair nets? 
Saleslady : Yes. 

Freda Lehman: May I see them? — Panther. 

* * * 

A. A. Caller (10 p. m.) : Well, I must be oflf. 

Dorothy Kenyon : That's w'hat I thought when I first met you. — Pantlicr. 

^ ^ ^ 

Prof. Putnam : I want to see you get B on this exam., young man. 
Don Wheeler: So do I. Let's pull together. — Jack O' Lantern. 

Bessie Beaubier : Oh, Allen, you don't gamble, do you ? 
Allen Carr : Well, I've asked you to marry me. — Jester. 

* * * 


Mary Case : I haven't slept for days. 
Olive Waggoner : 'Smatter ? Sick ? 
Mary Case : No, I sleep nights. — Jester. 

* * * 

Arold Brown : Your shell-like ears have ne'er been pierced ? 
Grace Simmons: No, only bored. (I wonder what she meant.) 

* * * 

Nelson Van Wegen : Hear you've stopped smoking? 
Carl Miller : Yes, sworn off. ■ . 
Nelson : Why ? 

Carl; It's getting too bloomin' effeminate. — Annapolis I^ocj. 

* * * 

Carpenter : That girl is a horrible flirt. Why. she even gets rings from 
men she doesn't know ! 
W est : Impossible ! 

Carpenter: No, it's true. She's a telephone girl. 

* * * 


Harold Laing : One kiss and I won't ask for any more. 
Pearl Bigge : I've been requested thus before. 
Harold Laing: Oh, well, answer in the usual way. 

* * * 

Visitor : You seniors must feel rather bad about commencement time. 
Senior: Oh, yes, but I think I can make them up at summer school. — Jack 
0' Lantern. 

* * * 

First Cha]ierone : I heard that Peg and Plarold l)ecame enya-o-ed 
Second Ditto: Oh, were you listening too? — Jack O' Lantern . 




We sell Hart Schaffner and Marx clothes 
because we know of no other clothes quality 
superior — they are sold under an uncondi- 
tional agreement to satisfy or money refunded. 

C. S. Wortleu Co. 

Have catered to the wants of M. S. N. C. 
students for the past forty-five years and 
during that time have made many warm 
friends and staunch patrons. 

The Store where your Dollar Works on Both Sides 






Geo. D. Switzer Co. 

108 Michigan Ave. 



Standard Printing 


5-7 South Washington St. 
Phone 45 
Ypsilanti, Michigan 

Michigan State Normal 


opened in 1852 

High School Graduation Required for Admission 


Campus of 55 acres. 

Seven Buildings with modern equipment. 
Training school including Elementary and High School 


Life Certificate on completion of two years' Curriculum. 
A. B. (in education) Degree on completion of Four Years' 


Home Economics — Four Years' Curriculum, Life Certificate, 
B. S. Degree. 

Kindergarien — Two Years' Curriculum, Life Certificate. 
Physical Education — Two and Three Years' Curricula, Life 

Public School Music — Two and Three Years' Curricula, Life 

Rural School — Two Years' Curriculum, Life Certificate. 
Special Education — Two Years' Curriculum, Life Certificate. 
Primary — Two Years' Curriculum, Life Certificate. 
Drawing and Manual Arts — Two Years' Curriculum, Life 

Commercial (in connection with accredited Business Col- 
leges) — Two Years Curriculum, Life Certificate. 

Normal College Conservatory of Music OfTers Courses in 
Voice, Piano, Organ, and Violin. 


G. P. STEIMLE, Secretary-Registrar 


If you are not already located in a good position for the com- 
ing year, ask for one of our enrollment blanks. We have more 
calls for superintendents, principals, and teachers than we can 
supply. Some time in the future when you are looking for a good 
position, write us, and we will locate you if you have made good. 
We have calls for teachers from every state. 


Ypsilanti - - - Michigan 

C. S. DUDLEY, President A. F. SCHULTZ, Sec'y-Treas. 

E. N. NEWBERRY, Vice-President 

E V E R A R D 



This copy of the "Aurora" was 
produced complete in our plant. 
If you like it, write us before con- 
tracting for your next order of 
quality printing in any field. 



Established 1896 

Enlarged 1913 


The Store at the Normal 

■ii! jVIakersof 

Highest Quamy 
Desiops and Plates 
for College and High School 


The success of the Aurora 
depends upon the quality 
of the photographs used 


Guarantees Its Success 

Gaudy's Chocolate 

Try our 

All candies fresh daily 


opposite Martha Washington 


Our Stock 
of the 
Choicest Lines 




Martha Washington 

Ypsilanti's Leading Theatre 

Foremost Stars in 
Glean Motion Pictures 


Good Clothes 
Nothing Else 




Waterman & Shaeffer 
Fountain Pens, 

Page & Shaw Candies, 
Highland Linen 
Linen Lawn 

San Tox & Nyal Remedies, 
Drugs & Sundaes 


509 W. Cross Phone 74 




The Rowima Store 

We endeavor to cater 
to your wants in 
Staple and Fancy